A Pilot Study Using 18F-DOPA PET-guided Radiotherapy in Gliomas


  • Study type

  • Study phase

  • Study IDs

  • Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:

    • Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
    • Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
    • Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
  • During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.

  • Site IRB
    • Rochester, Minnesota: 11-002165
    NCT ID: NCT02104310
    Sponsor Protocol Number: 11-002165

About this study

For most brain tumors, radiation treatment is guided by a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan. In this study, information from a special scan, called a Positron Emission Tomography/ Computed Tomography (PET/CT) scan using an amino acid called Fluorine-18-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (18F-DOPA) will also be used to image the tumor and guide your radiation oncologist in determining locations to treat with radiation. This type of scan has shown promise in being able to better distinguish tumor from normal brain tissue and may help to more accurately plan radiation treatment. This type of scan can also assist the radiation oncologist in identifying the most aggressive regions of the tumor. The goal of this study is to use the 18F-DOPA PET/CT scan to help determine where the disease is that needs to be treated with radiation, in order to improve the effectiveness of radiation in this tumor.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

See eligibility criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥18 years.
  • Biopsy confirmed newly diagnosed or recurrent WHO Grade II or Grade III malignant glioma, or Grade III malignant astrocytoma or oligoastrocytoma
  • May be IDH status "wild type"
  • Planned radiation treatments at Mayo Clinic Rochester.
  • Willing to sign release of information for any follow-up records.
  • Provide informed written consent.
  • Willingness to participate in mandatory pre- and post-treatment imaging studies.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients diagnosed with WHO grade III oligodendroglioma or WHO grade IV malignant glioma.
  • Patients previously treated with radiation therapy.
  • Unable to undergo MRI scans with contrast (e.g. cardiac pacemaker, defibrillator, kidney failure).
  • Unable to undergo an 18F-DOPA PET scan (e.g. Parkinson's Disease, taking anti-dopaminergic, or dopamine agonist medication or less than 6 half-lives from discontinuance of dopamine agonists)
  • Pregnant women
  • Nursing women
  • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Debra Brinkmann, Ph.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Diane Vogen




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