Azacitidine and Sonidegib in Treating Patients With Myeloid Malignancies

  • Study type:

    Interventional What is this?

    Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:

    • Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
    • Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
    • Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
  • Study phase:

    I What is this?

    During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.

Study IDs

  • Site IRB:

    • Scottsdale/Phoenix, Arizona: 13-009003
    • Rochester, Minnesota: 13-009003
  • NCT ID:

  • Sponsor Protocol Number:


About this study

This phase I/IB trial studies the side effects, best dose, and efficacy of azacitidine and erismodegib in treating patients with myeloid malignancies. The hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway plays an important role in cellular growth, differentiation and repair. Inappropriate activation of Hh pathway signaling and uncontrolled cellular proliferation may be associated with mutations in the Hh-ligand cell surface receptor Smo. Erismodegib binds to the Hh cell surface receptor Smo, which may result in the suppression of the Hh signaling pathway and the inhibition of cancer cells. Azacitidine may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving azacitidine together with erismodegib may be a safe and successful treatment for patients with myeloid malignancies.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

See eligibility criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with one of the following diagnoses:
    • Intermediate, high and very high risk (per International Prognostic Scoring System [IPSS]-revised [R]) untreated MDS or any MDS with > 5% marrow blasts (by French American British [FAB] and World Health Organization [WHO] diagnostic criteria); NOTE: MDS/MPN overlap is allowed
    • CMML requiring treatment per MD judgement
    • Low and very low risk MDS patients symptomatic and/or transfusion dependent, (≥ 4 U red blood cells [RBC] over the preceding 12 week period) who have failed erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) or who have a low likelihood of responding to ESAs
    • MDS/CMML patients relapsed/refractory to hypomethylating agents as evidenced by:
      • Progressed at any time during treatment with hypomethylating agents
      • Failed to achieve a response after 6 cycles of 5-Azacytidine or 4 cycles of decitabine
      • Progressed after treatment with hypomethylating agents had been discontinued
        • NOTE: MDS/MPN overlap is allowed
    • Relapsed or refractory AML exposed to ≤ 3 prior regimens (note, induction and consolidation including stem cell transplantation count as one regimen)
    • Elderly (age ≥ 60) untreated AML and not a candidate for induction therapy
    • Untreated AML < 60 year of age who are not candidates to undergo standard induction chemotherapy
    • Primary myelofibrosis (PMF) and post essential thrombocytopenia (ET)/polycythemia vera (PV) MF with a Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS)-plus score of intermediate or high, or > 10% blasts in the marrow and who are in need of therapy and who have failed previous treatment with a janus kinase 2 (JAK2) inhibitor and, if appropriate, have failed Interferon based treatment
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL (except Gilbert's syndrome or known hemolysis or leukemic infiltration)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) ≤ 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) or < 5 x ULN if organ involvement
  • Alkaline phosphatase < 5 x ULN
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or 24 hour creatinine (Cr) clearance > 50 ml/min
  • Plasma creatine phosphokinase (CK) < 1.5 x ULN
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2
  • Ability to provide informed written consent and be able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)
  • Willing to provide blood and bone marrow aspirate samples for correlative research purposes
  • Negative serum pregnancy test done ≤ 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only
  • Men and women must be willing to use appropriate contraception throughout study and for 6 months after
  • Patients who have undergone stem cell transplantation (SCT), autologous or allogeneic, are eligible provided that they are > 84 days from stem cell infusion, have no active graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), are off immunosuppressive agents for > 14 days
  • In the opinion of the investigator, patient must be able to receive at least 2 cycles of treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, active uncontrolled infection, known positive for active infectious hepatitis, type A, B or C; (past infection allowed), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements; Note: ongoing infection controlled on antibiotics/antifungal/antiviral medications are allowed unless listed as contraindicated
  • Any of the following prior therapies:
    • Cytotoxic Chemotherapy ≤ 14 days prior to registration
    • Immunotherapy ≤ 14 days prior to registration
    • Biologic therapy (i.e. antibody therapies) ≤ 14 days prior to registration
    • Radiation therapy ≤ 14 days prior to registration
    • Targeted therapies (i.e. kinase inhibitors, ≤ 7 days or 5 half-life's whichever is shorter)
    • Patients must be off other biologic therapies including hematopoietic growth factors ≥ 7 days prior to registration
    • For steroids or other non-cytotoxics given for blast count control, patient must be off for > 24 hours (hrs) before starting therapy; NOTE: Hydroxyurea (HU) is allowed for blast count control throughout study
    • Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm ≤ 14 days prior to registration
  • Active uncontrolled central nervous system (CNS) leukemia; NOTE: Positive (cyto)pathology is allowed and patient can receive intrathecal chemotherapy
  • Immunocompromised patients and patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy; NOTE: Patients known to be HIV positive, but without clinical evidence of an immunocompromised state, are eligible for this trial
  • Any previous treatment with LDE225 or allergic reactions to excipients of LDE225
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL, M3) unless failed regimens that included tretinoin, arsenic trioxide, anthracyclines and cytarabine and currently NOT candidates for stem cell transplantation
  • Major surgery ≤ 28 days prior to registration
  • Patients who have neuromuscular disorders (e.g. inflammatory myopathies, muscular dystrophy, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy) or are on concomitant treatment with drugs that are recognized to cause rhabdomyolysis, such as 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG CoA) inhibitors (statins), clofibrate and gemfibrozil, and that cannot be discontinued at least 2 weeks prior to starting LDE225 treatment; NOTE: If it is essential that the patient stays on a statin to control hyperlipidemia, only pravastatin may be used with extra caution
  • Patients who are planning on embarking on a new strenuous exercise regimen after initiation of study treatment; NOTE: Muscular activities, such as strenuous exercise, that can result in significant increases in plasma creatine kinase (CK) levels should be avoided whilst on LDE225 treatment
  • Patients who are receiving treatment with medications known to be moderate and strong inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4)/cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 5 (5) or drugs metabolized by cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily B, polypeptide 6 (CYP2B6) or cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 9 (CYP2C9) that have narrow therapeutic index, and that cannot be discontinued before starting treatment with LDE225; medications that are strong CYP3A4/5 inhibitors should be discontinued at least 7 days and strong CYP3A4/5 inducers for at least 2 weeks prior to starting treatment with LDE225; NOTE: Patients who are already on or require initiation of azoles other than fluconazole will be excluded from the phase I dose escalation portion of the study
  • Impaired cardiac function or clinically significant heart disease, including any one of the following:
    • Angina pectoris within 3 months
    • Acute myocardial infarction within 3 months
    • Corrected Fridericia's QT (QTcF) > 450 msec for males and > 470 msec for females on the screening electrocardiogram (ECG)
    • A past medical history of clinically significant ECG abnormalities or a family history of prolonged QT-interval syndrome
    • New York Heart Association classification IV cardiovascular disease or symptomatic class III disease
    • Other clinically significant heart disease (e.g. congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, history of labile hypertension, or history of poor compliance with an antihypertensive regimen)
  • Any of the following:
    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women
    • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception during the study and through 6 months after the final dose of study treatment
    • NOTE: adequate contraception is defined as either:
      • Total abstinence: When this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient; periodic abstinence (e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, post-ovulation methods) and withdrawal are not acceptable methods of contraception
      • Sterilization: Patient has had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) or tubal ligation at least six weeks before taking study treatment. In case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment
      • Male partner sterilization (with the appropriate post-vasectomy documentation of the absence of sperm in the ejaculate); (for female study patients, the vasectomized male partner should be the sole partner for that patient)
      • Use a combination of the following:
        • Placement of a non-hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) or nonhormonal intrauterine system (IUS)
        • Barrier method of contraception: condom or occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical vault caps) with spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/vaginal suppository
          • Note: Hormonal contraception methods (e.g. oral, injected, implanted) are not allowed as it cannot be ruled out that the study drug decreases the effectiveness of hormonal contraception
          • Note: Women are considered post-menopausal and not child bearing potential if they have had 12 months of natural (spontaneous) amenorrhea with an appropriate clinical profile (e.g. age appropriate, history of vasomotor symptoms) or six months of spontaneous amenorrhea with serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels > 40 mIU/mL and estradiol < 20 pg/mL or have had surgical bilateral oophorectomy (with or without hysterectomy) at least six weeks ago; in the case of oophorectomy alone, only when the reproductive status of the woman has been confirmed by follow up hormone level assessment is she considered not of child bearing potential
          • Note: Male patient must use highly effective (double barrier) methods of contraception (e.g., spermicidal gel plus condom) for the entire duration of the study, and continuing using contraception and refrain from fathering a child for 6 months following the study drug; a condom is required to be used also by vasectomized men as well as during intercourse with a male partner in order to prevent delivery of the study treatment via seminal fluid

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Raoul Tibes, M.D., Ph.D.

Open for enrollment

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office


Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Raoul Tibes, M.D., Ph.D.

Open for enrollment

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office