A Study to Evaluate Oral Tamoxifen vs. TamGel vs. Control in Women with Atypical Hyperplasia or Lobular Carcinoma In Situ


About this study

The purpose of this study is to analyze breast tissue changes after a short course of Tamoxifen (Tam).

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up.
  • Willing to complete required testing. 
  • Ability to complete questionnaire by themselves or with assistance.
  • Female (sex that was assigned at birth).
  • Ipsilateral intact breast with histology confirmation of atypical ductal or lobular  hyperplasia, or LCIS, within the last 12 months, whether surgically excised or not.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 1.
  • Willingness to agree to use ONE effective form of birth control (abstinence is not an allowed method) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation, and for 2 months following the last dose of study medications. Effective birth control methods are:
    • copper IUD [intrauterine device];
    • diaphragm/cervical cap/shield;
    • spermicide;
    • contraceptive sponge;
    • condoms.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a  negative pregnancy test within five days before starting study medications. Should a  participant become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study; the participant should inform the study physician immediately.
  • Willingness to avoid exposing breast skin to natural or artificial sunlight (i.e., tanning beds) for the duration of the study.
  • Participants must have acceptable organ and marrow function as defined below within 30 days of randomization: judged by treating physician's evaluation of baseline laboratory data.
  • Negative urine pregnancy test, if of childbearing potential and / or FSH to verify menopausal status.  

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically suspicious mass/lesions.
  • Breast cancer in the past 5 years.
  • Prior thromboembolism within last 5 years (history of varicose veins and superficial phlebitis is allowed).
  • Current pregnancy or lactation.
  • History of other prior breast cancer-specific therapy within the previous 2 years (chemotherapy, anti-HER2 agents,  endocrine agents, everolimus, CDK4-6 inhibitors).
  • Cytotoxic chemotherapy for any indication in last 2 years.
  • Prior use of SERMS or AIs including tamoxifen, raloxifene, anastrozole, letrozole, or exemestane for prevention or therapy within 5 years.
  • Exogenous sex steroid, including oral contraceptive pill use within 1 month prior to  research core needle biopsy (CNB).
  • Use of vaginally administered estrogens and hormone coated IUD such as Mirena is permitted.
  • History of any prior ipsilateral breast radiotherapy. Previous unilateral radiation of the contralateral side is allowed.
  • Skin lesions on the breast that disrupt the stratum corneum (e.g., eczema, ulceration).
  • History of endometrial neoplasia.
  • Current smoker. Cessation for at least 6 weeks.
  • Current users of potent inhibitors of tamoxifen metabolism. The potent inhibitors of tamoxifen metabolism are: bupropion, cinacalcet, fluoxetine, paroxetine, quinidine.
  • Participants may not be receiving any other investigational agents within 90 days of enrollment or during this study.
  • History of allergic reactions to tamoxifen.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness that in the judgement of the treating physician  would make them unsuitable for study participation.
  • Anticoagulation meds and clinical concern for discontinuing meds for study research biopsy.  
  • Identification of a clinically suspicious mass on examination.

Eligibility last updated 8/31/21. Questions regarding updates should be directed to the study team contact.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Amy Degnim, M.D.

Open for enrollment

Contact information:

Denice Gehling R.N., CCRP

(507) 538-1628


More information


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Additional contact information

Cancer-related trials contact form

Phone: 855-776-0015 (toll-free)

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