Testing the Addition of Ixazomib to Lenalidomide in Patients With Evidence of Residual Multiple Myeloma, OPTIMUM Trial

Overview

About this study

This phase III trial studies how well lenalidomide in combination with ixazomib works compared to lenalidomide alone in treating patients with evidence of residual multiple myeloma after stem cell transplantation. Lenalidomide may help shrink or slow the growth of multiple myeloma. Ixazomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving lenalidomide and ixazomib together may work better than giving lenalidomide alone in treating patients with evidence of residual multiple myeloma after a stem cell transplantation.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

STEP 0: PRE-REGISTRATION

  • Patients must be previously diagnosed with multiple myeloma and be on lenalidomide maintenance with ≥ 10 mg daily dose for at least 10 months and no more than 15 months after an early autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT ≤ 12 months of diagnosis).
  • Patients should not be off lenalidomide maintenance therapy for more than 30 days prior to start of treatment on protocol.
  • Patients must be able to undergo a diagnostic bone marrow aspirate following registration to step 0.
    • NOTE: A bone marrow aspirate specimen must be submitted to Mayo Clinic Hematology Laboratory for central assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD) status to confirm patient's eligibility for step 1 randomization. Mayo Clinic will forward results ≤ within three (3) business days of receipt of the bone marrow specimen to the submitting institution.
  • Patients must not have primary refractory or progressive disease on a proteasome inhibitor-based regimen during induction therapy prior to stem cell transplant.
  • Patients must not be on other concurrent chemotherapy, or any ancillary therapy considered investigational.
    • NOTE: Bisphosphonates are considered to be supportive care rather than therapy and are allowed while on protocol treatment.
  • Patients must not have uncontrolled psychiatric illness or social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Patients must not have another malignancy requiring treatment or have received treatment within 2 years before pre-registration or previously diagnosed with another malignancy and have any evidence of residual disease.
  • Patients with non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection.
  • Patients must have been able to maintain at least 10 mg dose of lenalidomide without growth factor support.
  • Patients must not have known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of ixazomib or lenalidomide including difficulty swallowing.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on effective anti-retroviral therapy with undetectable viral load within 6 months are eligible for this trial.
  • Patients must not have known hepatitis B surface antigen-positive status or known or suspected active hepatitis C infection, but testing specifically for the trial is not required.

STEP 1 RANDOMIZATION

  • Patient must meet Step 0 eligibility criteria at the time of Step 1 randomization.
  • Patients must not be off lenalidomide maintenance therapy for more than 30 days prior to start of treatment on protocol.
  • Patients must have evidence of residual disease by central MRD testing or by presence of monoclonal protein in serum or urine.
  • Serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP), urine protein electrophoresis (UPEP), and serum free light chain (FLC) are required to be performed ≤ 28 days prior to randomization.
    • NOTE: UPEP (on a 24-hour collection) is required, no substitute method is acceptable. Urine must be followed monthly if the baseline urine M-spike is ≥ 200 mg/24 hour (hr).
    • Please note that if both serum and urine M-components are present, both must be followed in order to evaluate response.
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 8 g/dL (obtained ≤ 14 days prior to randomization).
    • Untransfused platelet count ≥ 75,000 cells/mm^3 (obtained ≤ 14 days prior to randomization).
    • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1000 cells/mm^3 (obtained ≤ 14 days prior to randomization).
    • Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 mL/min (obtained ≤ 14 days prior to randomization).
    • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times the upper limit of normal (obtained ≤ 14 days prior to randomization).
    • Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) and serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) ≤ 3 times the upper limit of normal (obtained ≤ 14 days prior to randomization).
    • Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1, or 2.
    • Patients must not have grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy or grade 1 peripheral neuropathy with pain per CTCAE.
    • Patients must not have uncontrolled intercurrent illness.
    • Patients must not have grade 2 or higher diarrhea per CTCAE in the absence of antidiarrheals.
    • Patients must not have been on systemic treatment, within 14 days before the first dose of ixazomib, with strong CYP3A inducers (rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital), or use of St. John's wort.
    • Patients must agree to register into the mandatory Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies (REMS) program and be willing and able to comply with the requirements of REMS.
    • Women must not be pregnant due to potential harm to the fetus from ixazomib and lenalidomide. All females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a blood test or urine study with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10-14 days prior to the first dose of lenalidomide and again within 24 hours prior to the first dose of lenalidomide. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing while on treatment. A female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria:
      • has achieved menarche at some point;
      • has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
      • has not been naturally postmenopausal (amenorrhea following cancer therapy does not rule out childbearing potential) for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must either abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study or agree to use TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME for
    • at least 28 days before starting study treatment;
    • while participating in the study;
    • during dose interruptions; and
    • for at least 90 days after the last dose of protocol treatment. Women must also agree to not breastfeed during this same time period. Men must agree to either abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study or use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP while participating in the study and for 90 days after the last dose of protocol treatment even if they have had a successful vasectomy. Men must also agree to abstain from donating sperm while on study treatment and for 28 days after the last dose of protocol treatment even if they have had a successful vasectomy. Both women and men must both agree to abstain from donating blood during study participation and for at least 28 days after the last dose of protocol treatment.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Prashant Kapoor, M.D.

Open for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

855-776-0015

More information

Publications

Publications are currently not available

Additional contact information

Cancer-related trials contact form

Phone: 855-776-0015 (toll-free)

International patient clinical studies questions