A Study to Investigate Mechanisms, Predictors, and Prevention of Persistent Post-Traumatic Headache


About this study

The purpose of this study is to identify mechanisms and predictors for the persistence of post-traumatic headache and methods to treat post-traumatic headache and prevent its persistence.


Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

PATH A (all studies including the clinical trial)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have a diagnosis of acute PTH attributed to mild traumatic injury to the head as defined by the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-3).
  • PTH onset 7-56 days prior to the time of enrollment.
  • Adults 18-70 years of age.
  • Willing to be randomized to either of the two clinical trial treatment arms.
  • Willing to maintain a headache diary.
  • Willing and able to return for follow-up visits.

Additional Inclusion Criteria for Randomization into the Clinical Trial (assessed after run-in phase):

  • 5 or more moderate or severe headache days during the 4-week run-in phase.
  • At least 80% compliant with diary keeping during the 4-week run-in phase (i.e., provides data on at least 80% of days).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic headache (i.e., at least 15 headache days/month for more than 3 months) within 12 months prior to the mTBI that led to the current PTH, including PPTH, chronic migraine, medication overuse headache, new daily persistent headache, hemicrania continua, chronic tension-type headache.  
  • Diminished decision-making capacity that in the investigator’s opinion would interfere with the person’s ability to provide informed consent and complete study procedures.
  • Started or changed dose of a headache preventive medication within the 3 months prior to screening.
  • Use of onabotulinumtoxinA in the head, neck or face region within 6 months of screening.
  • During the 6 months before screening, use of opioids or barbiturates on an average of at least 4 days per month.
  • Subjects who underwent an intervention or used a device (e.g., nerve blocks, transcranial magnetic stimulation, vagal nerve stimulation, or electrical trigeminal nerve stimulation) for headache within 3 months of screening.
  • History of major psychiatric disorder such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
  • History or evidence of any unstable or clinically significant medical condition, that in the opinion of the investigator, would pose a risk to subject safety or interfere with the study evaluation, procedures, or completion.
  • History of positive neuroimaging findings that indicate a moderate or severe TBI.
  • Contraindications to magnetic resonance imaging, including, but not limited to:
    • Metal implants;
    • Aneurysm clips;
    • Severe claustrophobia;
    • Implanted electronic devices;
    • Insulin or infusion pump;
    • Cochlear/otologic/ear implant;
    • Non-removable prosthesis;
    • Implanted shunts/catheters;
    • Certain intrauterine devices;
    • Tattooed makeup;
    • Body piercings that cannot be removed;
    • Metal fragments;
    • Wire sutures or metal staples.
  • Factors that Reduce MR Image Quality and Interpretability:
    • Dental braces or other non-removable devices (e.g., retainers);
    • Prior brain surgery;
    • Known brain MRI abnormality that in the investigator’s opinion will significantly impact MRI data.
  • Sensory disorders that in the investigator’s opinion might affect perception of cutaneous thermal stimuli (e.g., peripheral neuropathy).
  • Pregnancy.
  • Breastfeeding.
  • History of myocardial infarction, stroke, transient ischemic attack, unstable angina, coronary artery bypass surgery, or other revascularization procedures within 12 months prior to screening.
  • Not willing to use a reliable form of contraception (for women of childbearing potential) through 16 weeks after the last dose of erenumab. Acceptable methods of birth control include not having intercourse, hormonal birth control methods, intrauterine devices, surgical contraceptive methods, or two barrier methods (each partner must use a barrier method) with spermicide. A reliable form of contraception must be started prior to or at the time of starting the run-in phase. Not being of childbearing potential is defined as any woman who:
    • Is post-menopausal by history, defined as:
      • At least 55 years of age with cessation of menses for 12 or more months; OR
      • Younger than 55 years of age but no spontaneous menses for at least 2 years; OR
      • Younger than 55 years of age and spontaneous menses within the past 1 year, but currently amenorrheic (e.g., spontaneous or secondary to hysterectomy), AND with postmenopausal gonadotropin levels (luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels at least 40 IU/L) or postmenopausal estradiol level (less than 5 ng/dL) or according to the definition of “postmenopausal range” for the laboratory involved; OR
      • Underwent bilateral oophorectomy; OR
      • Underwent hysterectomy; OR
      • Underwent bilateral salpingectomy.
  • Currently or within 90 days prior to screening: received treatment in another drug study or an investigational device study.
  • Has previously received any CGRP ligand or receptor targeted monoclonal antibody.

Eligibility last updated 1/19/22. Questions regarding updates should be directed to the study team contact.



Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Todd Schwedt, M.D.

Open for enrollment

Contact information:

Teresa Radam CCRP

(480) 342-3775


More information


Publications are currently not available