A Study of Rucaparib in Patients With Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer and Homologous Recombination Gene Deficiency

Overview

About this study

The purpose of this study is to determine how patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, and evidence of a homologous recombination gene deficiency, respond to treatment with rucaparib.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have signed an Institutional Review Board (IRB)/Independent Ethics Committee (IEC)-approved informed consent form prior to any study-specific evaluation.
  • Male ≥ 18 years of age at the time the informed consent form is signed.
  • Have a histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma or poorly differentiated carcinoma of the prostate (pure small-cell histologies or pure high-grade neuroendocrine histologies are excluded; neuroendocrine differentiation is allowed) that is metastatic.
  • Surgically or medically castrated, with serum testosterone levels of ≤ 50 ng/dL (1.73 nM). For patients currently being treated with luteinizing hormone–releasing hormone (LHRH) analogs (ie, patients who have not undergone an orchiectomy), therapy must be continued throughout the study.
  • Evidence of disease progression after prior therapy for prostate cancer:
    • Disease progression after treatment with at least 1 but no more than 2 prior next-generation AR-targeted therapies (abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, apalutamide, or investigational AR-targeted agent); treatment with the older anti-androgen therapies such as bicalutamide, flutamide, and nilutamide are not counted toward this limit; AND
    • Disease progression after treatment with 1 prior line of taxane-based chemotherapy for castration-resistant disease. Prior taxane therapy administered for hormone-sensitive disease is permitted and is not counted toward this limit.
  • Disease progression after initiation of most recent therapy is based on any of the following criteria:
    • Rise in PSA: a minimum of 2 consecutive rising levels, with an interval of ≥ 1 week between each determination. The most recent screening measurement must have been ≥ 2 ng/mL;
    • Transaxial imaging: new or progressive soft tissue masses on CT or MRI scans as defined by RECIST 1.1;
    • Radionuclide bone scan: at least 2 new metastatic lesions.
  • Patients in Cohorts A and B must have a deleterious mutation in BRCA1/2 or ATM Patients in Cohort C must have a deleterious mutation in another HRR gene associated with sensitivity to PARPi Mutations may be identified by local testing, or through central testing by the sponsor of plasma or tumor tissue. For local test results, the classification of the mutation as deleterious must be documented in the patient’s medical record.
  • Patients in Cohort A must have measurable visceral or nodal disease per RECIST v1.1 criteria. 
  • Patients in Cohorts B and C (without measurable disease) must have PSA ≥ 2 ng/mL on the most recent measurement 9. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1.
  • Have adequate organ function confirmed by the following clinical laboratory values obtained within 14 days prior to the first dose of rucaparib:

Bone Marrow Function

  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 × 109 /L;
  • Platelets > 100 × 109 /L;
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL independent of transfusion within 14 days.

Hepatic Function

  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 × ULN;
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN (< 2 x ULN if hyperbilirubinemia is due to Gilbert’s syndrome).

Renal Function

  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 45 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula.
  • Male patients who are committed to undertaking the following measures for the duration of the study and after the last dose of rucaparib for the time period specified:
    • Use a condom during sex while being treated and for 3 months after the last dose of rucaparib;
    • Do not make semen donations during treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of rucaparib;
    • Those with female partners of childbearing potential may be enrolled if they are:
      • Documented to be surgically sterile (ie, vasectomy);
      • Rise in PSA: a minimum of 2 consecutive rising levels, with an interval of ≥ 1 week between each determination. The most recent screening measurement must have been ≥ 2 ng/mL.
    • Transaxial imaging: new or progressive soft tissue masses on CT or MRI scans as defined by RECIST 1.1.
    • Radionuclide bone scan: at least 2 new metastatic lesions.
  • Patients in Cohorts A and B must have a deleterious mutation in BRCA1/2 or ATM.
  • Patients in Cohort C must have a deleterious mutation in another HRR gene associated with sensitivity to PARPi. Mutations may be identified by local testing, or through central testing by the sponsor of plasma or tumor tissue. For local test results, the classification of the mutation as deleterious must be documented in the patient’s medical record.
  • Patients in Cohort A must have measurable visceral or nodal disease per RECIST v1.1 criteria.
  • Patients in Cohorts B and C (without measurable disease) must have PSA ≥ 2 ng/mL on the most recent measurement.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1.
  • Have adequate organ function confirmed by the following clinical laboratory values obtained within 14 days prior to the first dose of rucaparib:

Bone Marrow Function

  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 × 10^9 /L;
  • Platelets > 100 × 10^9 /L;
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL independent of transfusion within 14 days.

Hepatic Function

  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 × ULN;
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN (< 2 x ULN if hyperbilirubinemia is due to Gilbert’s syndrome).

Renal Function

  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 45 mL/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula.
  • Male patients who are committed to undertaking the following measures for the duration of the study and after the last dose of rucaparib for the time period specified:
    • Use a condom during sex while being treated and for 3 months after the last dose of rucaparib;
    • Do not make semen donations during treatment and for 3 months after the last dose of rucaparib;
    • Those with female partners of childbearing potential may be enrolled if they are:
      • Documented to be surgically sterile (ie, vasectomy);
      • Committed to practicing true abstinence during treatment and for 3 months after the last rucaparib dose; or
      • Committed to using an effective method of contraception (refer to protocol) with their partner during treatment and for 3 months following the last dose of rucaparib.
  • Have a life expectancy of at least 6 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Active second malignancy, with the exception of curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer, carcinoma in situ, or superficial bladder cancer.
  • Patients with a history of malignancy that has been completely treated, and currently with no evidence of that cancer, are permitted to enroll in the trial provided all therapy was completed > 6 months prior and/or bone marrow transplant (BMT) > 2 years prior to first dose of rucaparib.
  • Prior treatment with any PARP inhibitor, mitoxantrone, cyclophosphamide or any platinum-based chemotherapy.
  • Symptomatic and/or untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastases. Patients with asymptomatic, previously treated CNS metastases are eligible provided they have been clinically stable (not requiring steroids for at least 4 weeks prior to first dose of rucaparib) and have had appropriate scans at screening assessment.
  • Symptomatic or impending spinal cord compression unless appropriately treated, clinically stable, and asymptomatic.
  • Pre-existing duodenal stent and/or any gastrointestinal (GI) disorder or defect that would, in the opinion of the investigator, interfere with absorption of rucaparib.
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illness, or history of chronic hepatitis B or C, with the exception of patients with sustained virologic response after completion of treatment for hepatitis C.
  • Received treatment with chemotherapy, antibody therapy or other immunotherapy, gene therapy, vaccine therapy, angiogenesis inhibitors, or experimental drugs within < 2 weeks prior to first dose of rucaparib. Treatment with hormonal therapies (with the exception of LHRH analog) must be discontinued at least 7 days prior to the first dose of rucaparib.
  • Adverse effect of prior therapy not resolved to CTCAE Grade 1 or below with the exception of alopecia. Ongoing Grade 2 non-hematologic toxicity related to most recent treatment regimen may be permitted with prior advanced approval from the sponsor.
  • Initiated low-dose corticosteroid, bisphosphonate, or denosumab therapy or adjusted low-dose corticosteroid, bisphosphonate, or denosumab dose/regimen within < 4 weeks prior to first dose of rucaparib. Patients on a stable low-dose corticosteroid, bisphosphonate, or denosumab regimen are eligible and may continue treatment.
  • Non-study related minor surgical procedure within < 5 days, or major surgical procedure within < 21 days, prior to first dose of rucaparib; in all cases, the patient must be sufficiently recovered and stable before treatment administration.
  • Presence of any other condition that may increase the risk associated with study participation or may interfere with the interpretation of study results, and, in the opinion of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into the study.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Alan Bryce, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

(855) 776-0015

More information

Publications

Publications are currently not available

Additional contact information

Cancer-related trials contact form

Phone: 855-776-0015 (toll-free)

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