Semen Analysis in Chemotherapy


About this study

The purpose of this study is to correlate the impact of chemotherapy on semen analysis and the disease-free survival of patients undergoing gonadotoxic treatment for leukemia or lymphoma.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be male 18-40 years of age.
  • Be scheduled to undergo surgery, chemotherapy, drug treatment and/or radiation for the treatment of leukemia/lymphoma with risk of causing permanent and complete loss of subsequent testicular function.Risk categories based on treatment regimens are indicated below.Investigators will utilize three sources to calculate risk: i.“Fertile Hope – Risks of Azoospermia” brochure that details typical agents and treatment regimens in each risk category -Appendix 1; ii. the Summed Alkylating Agent dose score 14) or iii. the Cyclophosphamide Equivalent Dose method- 15.  Because of the complexity of many treatment regimens, patient risk categorization will be at the discretion of the investigators.
    • High Risk
      • ≥80% risk of prolonged azoospermia, Fertile Hope Brochure.
      • Summed alkylating agent dose score ≥3.
      • Cyclophosphamide equivalent dose ≥7,500mg/m2.
    • Intermediate risk (21-79% risk of prolonged azoospermia, Fertile Hope).
    • Low Risk (≤20% risk of prolonged azoospermia, Fertile Hope).
    • Eligibility is extended to patients in high and intermediate risk categories
  • Have newly diagnosed or recurrent disease. Those who were not enrolled at the time of initial diagnosis (i.e., patients with recurrent disease) are eligible if they have not previously received therapy that is viewed as likely to result in complete and permanent loss of testicular function. 
  • Have two testicles if undergoing elective removal of a testicle for fertility preservation only. Note: removal of both testicles will limit fertility preservation options.
  • Sign an approved informed consent and authorization permitting the release of personal health information. The patient must acknowledge in writing that consent for specimen collection has been obtained, in accordance with institutional policies approved by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
  • Consent for serum screening tests for infectious diseases [HIV-1, HIV-2, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, RDR (syphilis), CMV, HLTV-1, and HTLV-2], to be performed at the time of testicular tissue harvesting.
  • Undergo a full history and physical examination and obtain standard pre-operative clearance (based on the most recent ACC/AHA Guideline for Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation for Noncardiac Surgery) as determined by their primary surgeon.
  • Have a normal semen analysis demonstrating normal volume, concentration, and motility, based on the WHO 2010 guidelines.This will be obtained following the consenting process as a part of normal clinical practice.

Exclusion Criteria: 

  • Diagnosed with psychological, psychiatric, or other conditions which prevent giving fully informed consent.
  • Diagnosed with an underlying medical condition that significantly increases their risk of complications from anesthesia and surgery.
  • Previously received gonadotoxic chemotherapy or radiation therapy thought to have resulted in impairment of testicular function.
  • Scheduled to undergo chemotherapy that is at low risk of causing azoospermia

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Landon Trost, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

More information


Publications are currently not available

Additional contact information

Cancer-related trials contact form

Phone: 855-776-0015 (toll-free)

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