HeartTrends HRV Algorithm for the Diagnosis of Myocardial Ischemia


About this study

A total of 621 consecutive male and female subjects, without established CAD, referred to exercise stress testing (EST) due to 1) chest pain syndromes or equivocal/equivalent angina with intermediate pretest probability for CAD; 2) , or asymptomatic subjects with diabetes mellitus who are referred EST for risk assessment prior to initiation of an exercise program.

To validate the diagnostic performance of the HeartTrends device for the detection and ruling out of myocardial ischemia in a population of subjects who are currently referred for cardiovascular evaluation using EST.

Prospective multicenter single-armed study, assessing the diagnostic accuracy of HRV analysis by the HeartTrends device for the detection of myocardial ischemia, as determined by stress echocardiography.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 21
  • No known CAD
  • Referral for EST due to either one of the following two indications:
    1. Chest pain syndrome or equivocal angina in subjects with intermediate pretest probability of CAD according to the 2002 updated guidelines for exercise stress examination.1 (See definition of intermediate pretest probability of CAD in Supplementary Appendix Table at the end of this document); or
    2. Asymptomatic subjects with diabetes mellitus referred to EST for risk assessment prior to initiation of an exercise program.
  • Willing and able to provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Acute Coronary Syndrome
  2. Established CAD
  3. Atrial fibrillation or flutter
  4. Cardiac Pacemaker
  5. Clinical diagnosis of heart failure
  6. Severe COPD (FEV1< 50% predicted value)
  7. Active myocarditis, constrictive pericarditis, any cardiomyopathy, cardiac or systemic amyloidosis
  8. Known drug or alcohol dependence or any other factors which will interfere with the study conduct or interpretation of the results or in the opinion of the investigator are not suitable to participate;
  9. Any illness that might reduce life expectancy to less than 1 year from screening
  10. Left bundle branch block (LBBB), significant intra-ventricular conduction delay (IVCD) or significant (>1mm) ST deviations on baseline ECG
  11. Inability to perform an exercise stress test (i.e. orthopedical or neurological limitations)
  12. Any significant valvular disease defined as:

Established valvular regurgitation or stenosis abnormality above moderate severity 13. BMI >35 kg/m2 14. Recent (< 6 months) history of pulmonary embolism

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Bruce Johnson, Ph.D.

Closed for enrollment

Scottsdale/Phoenix, Ariz.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Bruce Johnson, Ph.D.

Closed for enrollment

More information


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Study Results Summary

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Supplemental Study Information

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