S1406 A Phase II Study of Irinotecan and Cetuximab with or without Vemurafenib in BRAF Mutant Metastatic Colorectal Cancer


About this study

This randomized phase II trial studies how well irinotecan hydrochloride and cetuximab with or without vemurafenib works in treating patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes, that has spread to other places in the body, or cannot be removed by surgery. Irinotecan hydrochloride and vemurafenib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as cetuximab, may block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. It is not yet known whether irinotecan hydrochloride and cetuximab are more effective with or without vemurafenib in treating colorectal cancer.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. There is no guarantee that every individual who qualifies and wants to participate in a trial will be enrolled. Contact the study team to discuss study eligibility and potential participation.

Inclusion Criteria

Step I Initial Registration and BRAFV600E Testing

  • Histologically or cytologically documented adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum that is either metastatic, or locally advanced and unresectable
  • BRAFV600E mutant status documented by a Clinical Laboratory Improvements Amendments (CLIA) certified laboratory prior to Step 2 registration
    • Use of a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved test is preferred although other BRAF tests at a certified laboratory may also be accepted
    •  If a BRAFV600E mutation is known, then the patient must be registered to Step 2 Randomization immediately
  • Brain metastases are allowed if they have been adequately treated with radiotherapy or surgery and stable for at least 90 days
  • Should be neurologically asymptomatic and without corticosteroid treatment for at least 7 days 
  • Must have had one or two prior regimens of systemic chemotherapy for metastatic disease
  • Prior treatment with irinotecan is allowed
  • A maintenance regimen of 5-fluorouracil or capecitabine, with or without bevacizumab, should not be counted as a separate line of treatment
  • Prior treatment for metastatic disease is not required for patients who experienced disease recurrence during or within 6 months of completion of adjuvant chemotherapy
  • Must not have been treated with any of the following prior to Step 2 Randomization:
    • Cetuximab, panitumumab, or any other monoclonal antibody against EGFR or inhibitor of EGFR
    • BRAF inhibitor including, but not limited to, vemurafenib or dabrafenib
      • Regorafenib is not considered a BRAF inhibitor for the purpose of determining trial eligibility
    • Mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MEK) inhibitor including, but not limited to, trametinib or selumetinib
  • Previous chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiation therapy must have been completed at least 14 days prior to Step 1 Initial Registration 
  • All toxicity must be resolved to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 (CTCAE v4.0) grade 1 (with the exception of CTCAE v4.0 grade 2 neuropathy) prior to Step 1 Initial Registration
  • Must not have a tumor with a mutation detected in codons 12 or 13 in KRAS
  • Must not have a tumor with a known mutation detected in codons 61, 117, or 146 of KRAS or NRAS
  • Must have tumor (slides or block) available for submission for V600E BRAF testing
  • Patients must have additional tumor available and be willing to submit tissue and blood samples
  • Patients or their legally authorized representative must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
    • Registration of patients who have not yet submitted specimens for the central BRAFV600E testing, the appropriate consent form is the Step 1 Consent Form
    • Both Step 1 Initial Registration and Step 2 Randomization of patients whose BRAF mutation status is already known, the appropriate consent form is the Step 2 Consent Form

Step 2 Randomization

  • Must have BRAFV600E mutation
  • Must have measurable or non-measurable metastatic disease
    • computed tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs) used to assess all disease must have been completed within 28 days
    • CT scans or MRIs must be assessed and documented on the Baseline Tumor Assessment Form (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] 1.1)
  • Must have a Zubrod performance status of 0-1
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets ≥ 100,00/mcL
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN) or ≤ 5 x IULN if liver metastases are present
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x IULN
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x IULN within 14 days  OR
  • Calculated creatinine clearance > 60 ml/min
    • the serum creatinine value used in the calculation must have been obtained within 14 days
  • Must have an electrocardiogram (ECG) within 14 days
  • Must have corrected QT (QTc) ≤ 500 msec
  • Must not have a known history of Gilbert's Syndrome or known homozygosity for the UDP glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A1 (UGT1A1)*28 allele
  • Must not have interstitial pneumonia or extensive symptomatic interstitial fibrosis of the lung
  • Must not have an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to
    • Active bleeding diathesis
    • Uncontrolled infection/disorders
    • Nonmalignant medical illnesses that are uncontrolled or whose control may be jeopardized by the treatment with the study therapy
    • Psychiatric illness/social situations which would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Must be able to swallow pill/tablet 
  • Must have no refractory nausea, vomiting, malabsorption, external biliary shunt, or significant small bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption
  • Must not be pregnant or nursing
  •  Women/men of reproductive potential must have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method while on study and for 30 days after study treatment
    • A woman is considered to be of "reproductive potential" if she has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months
    • In addition to routine contraceptive methods, "effective contraception" also includes heterosexual celibacy and surgery intended to prevent pregnancy (or with a side-effect of pregnancy prevention) defined as a hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy or bilateral tubal ligation
    • If at any point a previously celibate patient chooses to become heterosexually active during the time period for use of contraceptive measures, he/she is responsible for beginning contraceptive measures
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following
    • Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer
    • In situ cervical cancer
    • Adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission
    • Any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for three years
  • Patients or their legally authorized representative must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must sign and give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines
  • The appropriate consent form for this registration is the Step 2 Consent Form
  • As a part of the OPEN registration process the treating institution's identity is provided in order to ensure that the current (within 365 days) date of institutional review board approval for this study has been entered in the system

Step 3 Crossover Registration

  • Patients must have documented disease progression while on Arm 1 of this protocol
    • the follow-up tumor assessment form documenting disease progression must be submitted to Southwestern Oncology Group (SWOG)
  • Registration to Step 3 Crossover must be within 28 days of discontinuation of Arm 1 protocol treatment
    • patients going off treatment for any other reason are not eligible
  • ANC ≥ 1,500/mcL within 14 days
  • Platelets ≥ 100,00/mcL within 14 days 
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL within 14 days
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN) or ≤ 5 x IULN if liver metastases are present within 14 days
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x IULN within 14 days OR
  • Calculated creatinine clearance > 60 ml/min
    • The serum creatinine value used in the calculation must have been obtained within 14 days

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact the study team for the most up-to-date information regarding possible participation.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Axel Grothey, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Contact information:

Research Information Center


More information


Publications are currently not available

Study Results Summary

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Supplemental Study Information

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Additional contact information

Cancer-related trials contact form

Phone: 855-776-0015 (toll-free)

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