Publications

  1. Tyson MD, Castle EP, Humphreys MR, Andrews PE. Venous thromboembolism after urological surgery. J Urol. 2014 Sep; 192(3):793-7. Epub 2014 Mar 02.
    View PubMed
  2. Grimsby GM, Andrews PE, Castle EP, Nunez R, Mihalik LA, Chang YH, Humphreys MR. Long-term renal function after donor nephrectomy: secondary follow-up analysis of the randomized trial of ketorolac vs placebo. Urology. 2014 Jul; 84(1):78-81.
    View PubMed
  3. Wisenbaugh ES, Tyson MD 2nd, Castle EP, Humphreys MR, Andrews PE. Massive Renal Size is Not a Contraindication to a Laparoscopic Approach for Bilateral Native Nephrectomies in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease. BJU Int. 2014 Jun 06.
    View PubMed
  4. Cheney SM, Andrews PE, Leibovich BC, Castle EP. Robot Assisted Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection: Technique and Initial Case Series of 18 Patients. BJU Int. 2014 May 13.
    View PubMed
  5. Nunez-Nateras R, Castle EP, Protheroe CA, Stanton ML, Ocal TI, Ferrigni EN, Ochkur SI, Jacobsen EA, Hou YX, Andrews PE, Colby TV, Lee NA, Lee JJ. Predicting response to bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in patients with carcinoma in situ of the bladder. Urol Oncol. 2014 Jan; 32(1):45.e23-30. Epub 2013 Sep 18.
    View PubMed
  6. Wisenbaugh ES, Andrews PE, Ferrigni RG, Schild SE, Keole SR, Wong WW, Vora SA. Proton beam therapy for localized prostate cancer 101: basics, controversies, and facts. Rev Urol. 2014; 16(2):67-75.
    View PubMed
  7. Tyson MD, Wisenbaugh ES, Andrews PE, Castle EP, Humphreys MR. Simultaneous kidney transplantation and bilateral native nephrectomy for polycystic kidney disease. J Urol. 2013 Dec; 190(6):2170-4. Epub 2013 May 30.
    View PubMed
  8. Vora SA, Wong WW, Schild SE, Ezzell GA, Andrews PE, Ferrigni RG, Swanson SK. Outcome and toxicity for patients treated with intensity modulated radiation therapy for localized prostate cancer. J Urol. 2013 Aug; 190(2):521-6. Epub 2013 Feb 13.
    View PubMed
  9. Tyson MD, Humphreys MR, Parker AS, Thiel DD, Joseph RW, Andrews PE, Castle EP. Age-period-cohort analysis of renal cell carcinoma in United States adults. Urology. 2013 Jul; 82(1):43-7. Epub 2013 May 22.
    View PubMed
  10. Nunez-Nateras R, Hurd KJ, Ferrigni EN, Castle EP, Andrews PE, Humphreys MR. Athermal nerve sparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: initial experience with microporous polysaccharide hemospheres as a topical hemostatic agent. World J Urol. 2013 Jun; 31(3):523-7. Epub 2011 Dec 25.
    View PubMed
  11. Tyson MD, Andrews PE, Etzioni DA, Ferrigni RG, Humphreys MR, Swanson SK, Castle EK. Marital status and prostate cancer outcomes. Can J Urol. 2013 Apr; 20(2):6702-6.
    View PubMed
  12. Martin AD, Mekeel KL, Castle EP, Vaish SS, Martin GL, Moss AA, Mulligan DC, Heilman RL, Reddy KS, Andrews PE. Laparoscopic bilateral native nephrectomies with simultaneous kidney transplantation. BJU Int. 2012 Dec; 110(11 Pt C):E1003-7. Epub 2012 Aug 09.
    View PubMed
  13. Grimsby GM, Conley SP, Trentman TL, Castle EP, Andrews PE, Mihalik LA, Hentz JG, Humphreys MR. A double-blind randomized controlled trial of continuous intravenous Ketorolac vs placebo for adjuvant pain control after renal surgery. Mayo Clin Proc. 2012 Nov; 87(11):1089-97. Epub 2012 Oct 08.
    View PubMed
  14. Tyson MD, Etzioni DA, Wisenbaugh ES, Andrews PE, Humphreys MR, Ferrigni RG, Swanson SK, Castle EP. Anatomic site-specific disparities in survival outcomes for penile squamous cell carcinoma. Urology. 2012 Apr; 79(4):804-8. Epub 2012 Mar 03.
    View PubMed
  15. Humphreys MR, Castle EP, Andrews PE. Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic radical prostatectomy (NOTES RP): the evolution of the technique. Arch Esp Urol. 2012 Apr; 65(3):407-14.
    View PubMed
  16. Tyson MD, Castle EP, Andrews PE, Heilman RL, Moss AA, Mulligan DC, Reddy KS. Ureteral stricture formation in laparoscopically procured living donor kidney transplantation. Can J Urol. 2012 Apr; 19(2):6188-92.
    View PubMed
  17. Humphreys MR, Castle EP, Andrews PE, Lingeman JE. Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic radical prostatectomy. Ther Adv Urol. 2012 Feb; 4(1):33-43.
    View PubMed
  18. Martin GL, Warner JN, Nateras RN, Andrews PE, Humphreys MR, Castle EP. Comparison of total, selective, and nonarterial clamping techniques during laparoscopic and robot-assisted partial nephrectomy. J Endourol. 2012 Feb; 26(2):152-6. Epub 2012 Jan 04.
    View PubMed
  19. Nakamura LY, Martin GL, Fox JC, Andrews PE, Humphreys M, Castle EP. Comparing the portable laparoscopic trainer with a standardized trainer in surgically naive subjects. J Endourol. 2012 Jan; 26(1):67-72. Epub 2011 Oct 14.
    View PubMed
  20. Polcari AJ, Allen JC, Nunez-Nateras R, Mmeje CO, Andrews PE, Milner JE, Castle EP, Woods ME. Multicenter experience with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in renal transplant recipients. Urology. 2012; 80(6):1267-72.
  21. Grimsby GM, Andrews PE, Castle EP, Wolter CE, Patel BM, Humphreys MR. Urologic surgical simulation: an endoscopic bladder model. Simul Healthc. 2011 Dec; 6(6):352-5.
    View PubMed
  22. Humphreys MR, Sauer JS, Ryan AR, Leslie KO, Castle EP, Lingeman JE, Andrews PE. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic radical prostatectomy: initial perioperative and pathologic results. Urology. 2011 Dec; 78(6):1211-7. Epub 2011 Oct 11.
    View PubMed
  23. Warner JN, Nunez RN, Mmeje CO, Colby TV, Ferrigni RG, Humphreys MR, Andrews PE, Castle EP. Impact of margin status at 37 months after robot assisted radical prostatectomy. Can J Urol. 2011 Dec; 18(6):6043-9.
    View PubMed
  24. Nunez R, Hurd KJ, Noble BN, Castle EP, Andrews PE, Humphreys MR. Incidental prostate cancer revisited: early outcomes after holmium laser enucleation of the prostate. Int J Urol. 2011 Jul; 18(7):543-7. Epub 2011 May 18.
    View PubMed
  25. Tyson MD, Castle EP, Ko EY, Andrews PE, Heilman RL, Mekeel KL, Moss AA, Mulligan DC, Reddy KS. Living donor kidney transplantation with multiple renal arteries in the laparoscopic era. Urology. 2011 May; 77(5):1116-21. Epub 2010 Dec 08.
    View PubMed
  26. Nakamura LY, Nunez RN, Castle EP, Andrews PE, Humphreys MR. Different approaches to an inguinal hernia repair during a simultaneous robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. J Endourol. 2011 Apr; 25(4):621-4. Epub 2011 Feb 28.
    View PubMed
  27. Hellenthal NJ, Hussain A, Andrews PE, Carpentier P, Castle E, Dasgupta P, Kaouk J, Khan S, Kibel A, Kim H, Manoharan M, Menon M, Mottrie A, Ornstein D, Palou J, Peabody J, Pruthi R, Richstone L, Schanne F, Stricker H, Thomas R, Wiklund P, Wilding G, Guru Lymphadenectomy at the time of robot-assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium. BJU Int. 2011 Feb; 107(4):642-6.
    View PubMed
  28. Tyson MD, Castle EP, Ko EY, Andrews PE, Heilman RL, Mekeel KL, Moss AA, Mulligan DC, Reddy KS. Living donor kidney transplantation with multiple renal arteries in the laparoscopic era. International Braz J Urol. 2011; 37(3):401.
  29. Nakamura LY, Nunez RN, Andrews PE, Ferrigni RG, Humphreys MR, Swanson SK, Wolter CE, Castle EP. Older age does not impact perioperative complications after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. Journal of Robotic Surgery. 2011; 5(3):201-8.
  30. Humphreys MR, Sauer JS, Ryan AR, Leslie KO, Castle EP, Lingeman JE, Andrews PE. Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic radical prostatectomy: Initial perioperative and pathologic results. International Braz J Urol. 2011; 37(6):786.
  31. Hayn MH, Hellenthal NJ, Hussain A, Andrews PE, Carpentier P, Castle E, Dasgupta P, Davis R, Thomas R, Khan S, Kibel A, Kim H, Manoharan M, Menon M, Mottrie A, Ornstein D, Peabody J, Pruthi R, Palou Redorta J, Vira M, Schanne F, Stricker H, Wiklund P, Does previous robot-assisted radical prostatectomy experience affect outcomes at robot-assisted radical cystectomy? Results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium. Urology. 2010 Nov; 76(5):1111-6. Epub 2010 Aug 14.
    View PubMed
  32. Tyson M, Castle E, Andrews P, Heilman R, Mekeel K, Moss A, Mulligan D, Reddy K. Early graft function after laparoscopically procured living donor kidney transplantation. J Urol. 2010 Oct; 184(4):1434-9. Epub 2010 Aug 19.
    View PubMed
  33. Krambeck AE, Humphreys MR, Andrews PE, Lingeman JE. Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery: radical prostatectomy in the canine model. J Endourol. 2010 Sep; 24(9):1493-6.
    View PubMed
  34. Hayn MH, Hussain A, Mansour AM, Andrews PE, Carpentier P, Castle E, Dasgupta P, Rimington P, Thomas R, Khan S, Kibel A, Kim H, Manoharan M, Menon M, Mottrie A, Ornstein D, Peabody J, Pruthi R, Palou Redorta J, Richstone L, Schanne F, Stricker H, Wiklund The learning curve of robot-assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium. Eur Urol. 2010 Aug; 58(2):197-202. Epub 2010 Apr 23.
    View PubMed
  35. Hellenthal NJ, Hussain A, Andrews PE, Carpentier P, Castle E, Dasgupta P, Kaouk J, Khan S, Kibel A, Kim H, Manoharan M, Menon M, Mottrie A, Ornstein D, Palou J, Peabody J, Pruthi R, Richstone L, Schanne F, Stricker H, Thomas R, Wiklund P, Wilding G, Guru Surgical margin status after robot assisted radical cystectomy: results from the International Robotic Cystectomy Consortium. J Urol. 2010 Jul; 184(1):87-91. Epub 2010 May 15.
    View PubMed
  36. Martin AD, Nunez RN, Pacelli A, Woods ME, Davis R, Thomas R, Andrews PE, Castle EP. Robot-assisted radical cystectomy: intermediate survival results at a mean follow-up of 25 months. BJU Int. 2010 Jun; 105(12):1706-9. Epub 2009 Nov 09.
    View PubMed
  37. Martin AD, Nunez RN, Andrews JR, Martin GL, Andrews PE, Castle EP. Outpatient prostatectomy: too much too soon or just what the patient ordered. Urology. 2010 Feb; 75(2):421-4. Epub 2009 Dec 06.
    View PubMed
  38. Nunez-Nateras R, Andrews JR, Martin GL, Andrews PE, Humphreys MR, Ferrigni RG, Eversman WG, Castle EP. Accuracy of ultrasound in estimation of prostate weight: comparison of urologists and radiologists. Can J Urol. 2010 Feb; 17(1):4985-8.
    View PubMed
  39. Mekeel KL, Daley SM, Andrews PE, Moss AA, Heilman RL, Mazur MJ, Chakkera HA, Hamawi K, Mulligan DC, Sudhakar Reddy K. Successful transplantation of a split crossed fused ectopic kidney into a patient with end-stage renal disease. J Transplant. 2010; 2010:383972. Epub 2010 Mar 25.
    View PubMed
  40. Nunez-Nateras R, Ko EY, Andrews JR, Humphreys MR, Castle EP, Andrews PE. Nephrobronchial fistula secondary to xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. Current Urology. 2010; 4(1):45-8.
    View PubMed
  41. Wong WW, Vora SA, Schild SE, Ezzell GA, Andrews PE, Ferrigni RG, Swanson SK. Radiation dose escalation for localized prostate cancer: intensity-modulated radiotherapy versus permanent transperineal brachytherapy. Cancer. 2009 Dec 1; 115(23):5596-606.
    View PubMed
  42. Martin GL, Nunez RN, Humphreys MD, Martin AD, Ferrigni RG, Andrews PE, Castle EP. Interval from prostate biopsy to robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: effects on perioperative outcomes. BJU Int. 2009 Dec; 104(11):1734-7. Epub 2009 Jun 22.
    View PubMed
  43. Martin AD, Desai PJ, Nunez RN, Martin GL, Andrews PE, Ferrigni RG, Swanson SK, Pacelli A, Castle EP. Does a history of previous surgery or radiation to the prostate affect outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy? BJU Int. 2009 Jun; 103(12):1696-8. Epub 2008 Dec 23
    View PubMed
  44. Humphreys MR, Krambeck AE, Andrews PE, Castle EP, Lingeman JE. Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgical radical prostatectomy: proof of concept. J Endourol. 2009 Apr; 23(4):669-75.
    View PubMed
  45. Martin GL, Nunez RN, Martin AD, Andrews PE, Castle EP. A novel and ergonomic patient position for laparoscopic kidney surgery. Can J Urol. 2009 Apr; 16(2):4580-3.
    View PubMed
  46. Castle EP, Nunez R, Desai PJ, Humphreys MR, Andrews PE, Eversman W. Ureteroarterial fistula following laser endopyelotomy. J Urol. 2009 Mar; 181(3):1343-4. Epub 2009 Jan 20.
    View PubMed
  47. Conley SP, Humphreys MR, Desai PJ, Castle EP, Dueck AC, Ferrigni RG, Andrews PE. Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for very large renal tumors (> or =10 cm): is there a size limit? J Endourol. 2009 Jan; 23(1):57-61.
    View PubMed
  48. Humphreys MR, Castle EP, Lohse CM, Sebo TJ, Leslie KO, Andrews PE. Renal ischemia time in laparoscopic surgery: an experimental study in a porcine model. Int J Urol. 2009 Jan; 16(1):105-9.
    View PubMed
  49. Ko EY, Castle EP, Desai PJ, Moss AA, Reddy KS, Mekeel KL, Mulligan DC, Andrews PE. Utility of the endovascular stapler for right-sided laparoscopic donor nephrectomy: a 7-year experience at Mayo Clinic. J Am Coll Surg. 2008 Dec; 207(6):896-903. Epub 2008 Aug 30.
    View PubMed
  50. Martin GL, Castle EP, Martin AD, Desai PJ, Lallas CD, Ferrigni RG, Andrews PE. Outcomes of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in the setting of vena caval and renal vein thrombus: seven-year experience. J Endourol. 2008 Aug; 22(8):1681-5.
    View PubMed
  51. Humphreys MR, Lingeman JE, Terry C, Castle EP, Andrews PE, Gettman MT, Ereth MH. Renal injury and the application of polysaccharide hemospheres: a laparoscopic experimental model. J Endourol. 2008 Jun; 22(6):1375-81.
    View PubMed
  52. Woods M, Thomas R, Davis R, Andrews PE, Ferrigni RG, Cheng J, Castle EP. Robot-assisted extended pelvic lymphadenectomy. J Endourol. 2008 Jun; 22(6):1297-302.
    View PubMed
  53. Desai PJ, Castle EP, Daley SM, Swanson SK, Ferrigni RG, Humphreys MR, Andrews PE. Bilateral laparoscopic nephrectomy for significantly enlarged polycystic kidneys: a technique to optimize outcome in the largest of specimens. BJU Int. 2008 Apr; 101(8):1019-23. Epub 2008 Jan 10.
    View PubMed
  54. Desai PJ, Andrews PE, Ferrigni RG, Castle EP. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy at the Mayo Clinic Arizona: follow-up surveillance of positive margin disease. Urology. 2008 Feb; 71(2):283-6.
    View PubMed
  55. Granberg CF, Humphreys MR, Castle E, Slezak J, Gettman MT, Andrews PE. Thermal effects of laparoscopic saline-enhanced radiofrequency cautery on renal parenchyma in a porcine model. J Endourol. 2008 Jan; 22(1):139-44.
    View PubMed
  56. Humphreys MR, Castle EP, Andrews PE, Gettman MT, Ereth MH. Microporous polysaccharide hemospheres for management of laparoscopic trocar injury to the spleen. Am J Surg. 2008 Jan; 195(1):99-103.
    View PubMed
  57. Mekeel KL, Mazur MJ, Reddy KS, Mulligan DC, Heilman RL, Chakkera HA, Andrews PE, Moss AA. Diffuse parenchymal urine leak after kidney transplantation following degloving injury during donor nephrectomy. Am J Transplant. 2007 Aug; 7(8):2039-41. Epub 2007 Jun 18.
    View PubMed
  58. Lallas CD, Castle EP, Schlinkert RT, Andrews PE. The development of a laparoscopic donor nephrectomy program in a de novo renal transplant program: Evolution of technique and results in over 200 cases. JSLS. 2006 Apr-Jun; 10(2):135-40.
    View PubMed
  59. Lallas CD, Castle EP, Andrews PE. Hand port use for extraction during laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Urology. 2006 Apr; 67(4):706-8. Epub 2006 Mar 29.
    View PubMed
  60. Parekattil SJ, Gill IS, Castle EP, Burgess SV, Walls MM, Thomas R, Kumar U, Purifoy JA, Ng CS, Kang Y, Fuchs GJ, Weise ES, Winfield HN, Lallas C, Andrews PE. Multi-institutional validation study of neural networks to predict duration of stay after laparoscopic radical/simple or partial nephrectomy. J Urol. 2005 Oct; 174(4 Pt 1):1380-4.
    View PubMed
  61. Sohail MR, Andrews PE, Blair JE. Coccidioidomycosis of the male genital tract. J Urol. 2005 Jun; 173(6):1978-82.
    View PubMed
  62. Castle EP, Andrews PE, Itano N, Novicki DE, Swanson SK, Ferrigni RG. The male sling for post-prostatectomy incontinence: mean followup of 18 months. J Urol. 2005 May; 173(5):1657-60.
    View PubMed
  63. Simon SD, Castle EP, Ferrigni RG, Andrews PE. Routine postoperative chest x-ray following laparoscopic nephrectomy. JSLS. 2005 Apr-Jun; 9(2):205-7.
    View PubMed
  64. Castle EP, Humphreys MR, Andrews PE. Laparoscopic biopsy and ureterolysis in Erdheim-Chester disease. Mayo Clin Proc. 2005 Apr; 80(4):546-8.
    View PubMed
  65. MacDonald OK, Schild SE, Vora S, Andrews PE, Ferrigni RG, Novicki DE, Swanson SK, Wong WW. Salvage radiotherapy for men with isolated rising PSA or locally palpable recurrence after radical prostatectomy: do outcomes differ? Urology. 2004 Oct; 64(4):760-4.
    View PubMed
  66. Stern JA, Simon SD, Ferrigni RG, Andrews PE. TissueLink (TM) device for laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery. J Endourol. 2004 Jun; 18(5):455-6.
    View PubMed
  67. Macdonald OK, Schild SE, Vora SA, Andrews PE, Ferrigni RG, Novicki DE, Swanson SK, Wong WW. Salvage radiotherapy for palpable, locally recurrent prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2004 Apr 1; 58(5):1530-5.
    View PubMed
  68. Simon SD, Ferrigni RG, Novicki DE, Lamm DL, Swanson SS, Andrews PE. Mayo Clinic Scottsdale Experience with laparoscopic nephroureterectomy. JSLS. 2004 Apr-Jun; 8(2):109-13.
    View PubMed
  69. Simon SD, Castle EP, Ferrigni RG, Lamm DL, Swanson SK, Novicki DE, Andrews PE. Complications of laparoscopic nephrectomy: the Mayo clinic experience. J Urol. 2004 Apr; 171(4):1447-50.
    View PubMed
  70. Macdonald OK, Schild SE, Vora SA, Andrews PE, Ferrigni RG, Novicki DE, Swanson SK, Wong WW. Radiotherapy for men with isolated increase in serum prostate specific antigen after radical prostatectomy. J Urol. 2003 Nov; 170(5):1833-7.
    View PubMed
  71. Simon SD, Ferrigni RG, Novicki DE, Lamm DL, Swanson SS, Andrews PE. Mayo Clinic Scottsdale experience with laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery for renal tumors. J Urol. 2003 Jun; 169(6):2059-62.
    View PubMed
  72. Novicki DE, Larson TR, Andrews PE, Swanson SK, Ferrigni RG. Comparison of the modified vest and the direct anastomosis for radical retropubic prostatectomy. Urology. 1997 May; 49(5):732-6.
    View PubMed
  73. Young CYF, Murtha PE, Andrews PE, Lindzey JK, Tindall DJ. Antagonism of androgen action in prostate tumor cells by retinoic acid. Year Book of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Mosby-Year Book, Inc., Chicago, IL. 1996.
  74. Kletscher BA, Qian J, Bostwick DG, Andrews PE, Zincke H. Prospective analysis of multifocality in renal cell carcinoma: influence of histological pattern, grade, number, size, volume and deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy. J Urol. 1995 Mar; 153(3 Pt 2):904-6.
    View PubMed
  75. Young CY, Andrews PE, Tindall DJ. Expression and androgenic regulation of human prostate-specific kallikreins. J Androl. 1995 Mar-Apr; 16(2):97-9.
    View PubMed
  76. Young CY, Murtha PE, Andrews PE, Lindzey JK, Tindall DJ. Antagonism of androgen action in prostate tumor cells by retinoic acid. Prostate. 1994 Jul; 25(1):39-45.
    View PubMed
  77. Oesterling JE, Andrews PE, Suman VJ, Zincke H, Myers RP. Preoperative androgen deprivation therapy: artificial lowering of serum prostate specific antigen without downstaging the tumor. J Urol. 1993 Apr; 149(4):779-82.
    View PubMed
  78. Andrews PE, Kelalis PP, Haase GM. Extrarenal Wilms' tumor: results of the National Wilms' Tumor Study. J Pediatr Surg. 1992 Sep; 27(9):1181-4.
    View PubMed
  79. Andrews PE, Hill DE, Moertel CL, Miser JS, Lewis BD. Wilms' tumor: a new cause for urinary extravasation. J Pediatr Surg. 1992 May; 27(5):660-1.
    View PubMed
  80. Andrews PE, Young CY, Montgomery BT, Tindall DJ. Tumor-promoting phorbol ester down-regulates the androgen induction of prostate-specific antigen in a human prostatic adenocarcinoma cell line. Cancer Res. 1992 Mar 15; 52(6):1525-9.
    View PubMed
  81. Young CY, Andrews PE, Montgomery BT, Tindall DJ. Tissue-specific and hormonal regulation of human prostate-specific glandular kallikrein. Biochemistry. 1992 Jan 28; 31(3):818-24.
    View PubMed
  82. Montgomery BT, Young CYF, Bilhartz DL, Andrews PE, Prescott JL, Thompson NF, Tindall DJ. Hormonal regulation of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) glycoprotein in the human prostatic adenocarcinoma cell line, LnCaP. Prostate. 1992; 21:63-73.
    View PubMed
  83. Andrews PE, Farrow GM, Oesterling JE. Squamous cell carcinoma of the scrotum: long-term followup of 14 patients. J Urol. 1991 Nov; 146(5):1299-304.
    View PubMed
  84. Young CY, Montgomery BT, Andrews PE, Qui SD, Bilhartz DL, Tindall DJ. Hormonal regulation of prostate-specific antigen messenger RNA in human prostatic adenocarcinoma cell line LNCaP. Cancer Res. 1991 Jul 15; 51(14):3748-52.
    View PubMed
  85. Andrews PE, Segura JW. Renal pelvic explosion during conservative management of upper tract urothelial cancer. J Urol. 1991; 146:406-8.