Publications

  1. Singh Ospina N, Thompson GB, Lee RA, Reading CC, Young WF Jr. Safety and Efficacy of Percutaneous Parathyroid Ethanol Ablation in Patients with Recurrent Primary Hyperparathyroidism and Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Oct 22; jc20143255.
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  2. Dy BM, Que FG, Thompson GB, Young WF, Rowse P, Strajina V, Richards ML. Metastasectomy of neuroendocrine tumors in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. Am J Surg. 2014 Sep 22; 208(6):1047-53.
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  3. Carney JA, Libe R, Bertherat J, Young WF. Primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease: the original 4 cases revisited after 30 years for follow-up, new investigations, and molecular genetic findings. Am J Surg Pathol. 2014 Sep; 38(9):1266-73.
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  4. Dy BM, Strajina V, Cayo AK, Richards ML, Farley DR, Grant CS, Harmsen WS, Evans DB, Grubbs EG, Bible KC, Young WF, Perrier ND, Que FG, Nagorney DM, Lee JE, Thompson GB. Surgical Resection of Synchronously Metastatic Adrenocortical Cancer. Ann Surg Oncol. 2014 Aug 05.
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  5. Lim V, Guo Q, Grant CS, Thompson GB, Richards ML, Farley DR, Young WF Jr. Accuracy of adrenal imaging and adrenal venous sampling in predicting surgical cure of primary aldosteronism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Aug; 99(8):2712-9. Epub 2014 May 05.
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  6. Lenders JW, Duh QY, Eisenhofer G, Gimenez-Roqueplo AP, Grebe SK, Murad MH, Naruse M, Pacak K, Young WF Jr, Endocrine Society. Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Jun; 99(6):1915-42.
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  7. Rossi GP, Auchus RJ, Brown M, Lenders JW, Naruse M, Plouin PF, Satoh F, Young WF Jr. An expert consensus statement on use of adrenal vein sampling for the subtyping of primary aldosteronism. Hypertension. 2014 Jan; 63(1):151-60. Epub 2013 Nov 11.
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  8. Dy BM, Wise KB, Richards ML, Young WF Jr, Grant CS, Bible KC, Rosedahl J, Harmsen WS, Farley DR, Thompson GB. Operative intervention for recurrent adrenocortical cancer. Surgery. 2013 Dec; 154(6):1292-9; discussion 1299.
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  9. Hafdahl L, Patel SM, Young WF Jr. 16-year-old boy with new-onset hypertension and weight gain. Mayo Clin Proc. 2013 Nov; 88(11):1318-22.
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  10. Carney JA, Stratakis CA, Young WF Jr. Adrenal cortical adenoma: the fourth component of the Carney triad and an association with subclinical Cushing syndrome. Am J Surg Pathol. 2013 Aug; 37(8):1140-9.
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  11. Turcu AF, Erickson BJ, Lin E, Guadalix S, Schwartz K, Scheithauer BW, Atkinson JL, Young WF Jr. Pituitary stalk lesions: the Mayo Clinic experience. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 May; 98(5):1812-8. Epub 2013 Mar 26.
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  12. Eisenhofer G, Pacak K, Maher ER, Young WF, de Krijger RR. Pheochromocytoma. Clin Chem. 2013 Mar; 59(3):466-72. Epub 2012 Dec 3.
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  13. Power AH, Bower TC, Kasperbauer J, Link MJ, Oderich G, Cloft H, Young WF Jr, Gloviczki P. Impact of preoperative embolization on outcomes of carotid body tumor resections. J Vasc Surg. 2012 Oct; 56(4):979-89. Epub 2012 Jun 23.
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  14. Carney JA, Ho J, Kitsuda K, Young WF Jr, Stratakis CA. Massive neonatal adrenal enlargement due to cytomegaly, persistence of the transient cortex, and hyperplasia of the permanent cortex: findings in Cushing syndrome associated with hemihypertrophy. Am J Surg Pathol. 2012 Oct; 36(10):1452-63.
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  15. Lewis MA, Thompson GB, Young WF Jr. Preoperative assessment of the pancreas in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1. World J Surg. 2012 Jun; 36(6):1375-81.
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  16. Dy BM, Podgaetz E, Young WF, Thompson GB. Pheochromocytomas, MEN 2A and pregnancy: A case report with review of the literature. World Journal of Endocrine Surgery. 2012; 4(1):29-32.
  17. Young WF Jr. Conventional imaging in adrenocortical carcinoma: update and perspectives. Horm Cancer. 2011 Dec; 2(6):341-7.
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  18. McBride JF, Atwell TD, Charboneau WJ, Young WF Jr, Wass TC, Callstrom MR. Minimally invasive treatment of metastatic pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma: efficacy and safety of radiofrequency ablation and cryoablation therapy. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2011 Sep; 22(9):1263-70.
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  19. Carney JA, Young WF, Stratakis CA. Primary bimorphic adrenocortical disease: cause of hypercortisolism in McCune-Albright syndrome. Am J Surg Pathol. 2011 Sep; 35(9):1311-26.
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  20. Quillo AR, Grant CS, Thompson GB, Farley DR, Richards ML, Young WF. Primary aldosteronism: results of adrenalectomy for nonsingle adenoma. J Am Coll Surg. 2011 Jul; 213(1):106-12; discussion 112-3. Epub 2011 Apr 13.
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  21. Tanaka S, Tanabe A, Aiba M, Hizuka N, Takano K, Zhang J, Young WF. Glucocorticoid- and androgen-secreting black adrenocortical adenomas: unique cause of corticotropin-independent Cushing syndrome. Endocr Pract. 2011 May-Jun; 17(3):e73-8.
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  22. Parthasarathy HK, Menard J, White WB, Young WF Jr, Williams GH, Williams B, Ruilope LM, McInnes GT, Connell JM, MacDonald TM. A double-blind, randomized study comparing the antihypertensive effect of eplerenone and spironolactone in patients with hypertension and evidence of primary aldosteronism. J Hypertens. 2011 May; 29(5):980-90.
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  23. Young WF Jr. Endocrine hypertension: then and now. Endocr Pract. 2010 Sep-Oct; 16(5):888-902.
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  24. Leenstra JL, Tanaka S, Kline RW, Brown PD, Link MJ, Nippoldt TB, Young WF Jr, Pollock BE. Factors associated with endocrine deficits after stereotactic radiosurgery of pituitary adenomas. Neurosurgery. 2010 Jul; 67(1):27-32; discussion 32-3.
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  25. Tanaka S, Link MJ, Brown PD, Stafford SL, Young WF Jr, Pollock BE. Gamma knife radiosurgery for patients with prolactin-secreting pituitary adenomas. World Neurosurg. 2010 Jul; 74(1):147-52.
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  26. Freel EM, Stanson AW, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Farley DR, Richards ML, Young WF Jr. Adrenal venous sampling for catecholamines: a normal value study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Mar; 95(3):1328-32. Epub 2010 Jan 08.
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  27. Zhang L, Smyrk TC, Young WF Jr, Stratakis CA, Carney JA. Gastric stromal tumors in Carney triad are different clinically, pathologically, and behaviorally from sporadic gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors: findings in 104 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 2010 Jan; 34(1):53-64.
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  28. Vanderveen KA, Thompson SM, Callstrom MR, Young WF Jr, Grant CS, Farley DR, Richards ML, Thompson GB. Biopsy of pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas: potential for disaster. Surgery. 2009 Dec; 146(6):1158-66.
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  29. Price TN, Thompson GB, Lewis JT, Lloyd RV, Young WF. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome due to primary gastrinoma of the extrahepatic biliary tree: three case reports and review of literature. Endocr Pract. 2009 Nov-Dec; 15(7):737-49.
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  30. McKenzie TJ, Lillegard JB, Young WF Jr, Thompson GB. Aldosteronomas--state of the art. Surg Clin North Am. 2009 Oct; 89(5):1241-53.
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  31. Erickson D, Scheithauer B, Atkinson J, Horvath E, Kovacs K, Lloyd RV, Young WF Jr. Silent subtype 3 pituitary adenoma: a clinicopathologic analysis of the Mayo Clinic experience. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2009 Jul; 71(1):92-9. Epub 2008 Dec 18.
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  32. Young WF, Stanson AW. What are the keys to successful adrenal venous sampling (AVS) in patients with primary aldosteronism? Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2009 Jan; 70(1):14-7.
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  33. Funder JW, Carey RM, Fardella C, Gomez-Sanchez CE, Mantero F, Stowasser M, Young WF Jr, Montori VM, Endocrine Society. Case detection, diagnosis, and treatment of patients with primary aldosteronism: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Sep; 93(9):3266-81. Epub 2008 Jun 13.
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  34. Brown ML, Zayas GE, Abel MD, Young WF Jr, Schaff HV. Mediastinal paragangliomas: the mayo clinic experience. Ann Thorac Surg. 2008 Sep; 86(3):946-51.
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  35. Vijan SS, Ibrahim Z, Thompson GB, Schaff HV, Young WF Jr. Familial paragangliomas: case report and literature review. Endocr Pract. 2008 Jul-Aug; 14(5):603-6.
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  36. Pollock BE, Brown PD, Nippoldt TB, Young WF Jr. Pituitary tumor type affects the chance of biochemical remission after radiosurgery of hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas. Neurosurgery. 2008 Jun; 62(6):1271-6; discussion 1276-8.
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  37. Klein RD, Jin L, Rumilla K, Young WF Jr, Lloyd RV. Germline SDHB mutations are common in patients with apparently sporadic sympathetic paragangliomas. Diagn Mol Pathol. 2008 Jun; 17(2):94-100.
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  38. Porterfield JR, Thompson GB, Young WF Jr, Chow JT, Fryrear RS, van Heerden JA, Farley DR, Atkinson JL, Meyer FB, Abboud CF, Nippoldt TB, Natt N, Erickson D, Vella A, Carpenter PC, Richards M, Carney JA, Larson D, Schleck C, Churchward M, Grant CS. Surgery for Cushing's syndrome: an historical review and recent ten-year experience. World J Surg. 2008 May; 32(5):659-77.
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  39. Young WF Jr, du Plessis H, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Farley DR, Richards ML, Erickson D, Vella A, Stanson AW, Carney JA, Abboud CF, Carpenter PC. The clinical conundrum of corticotropin-independent autonomous cortisol secretion in patients with bilateral adrenal masses. World J Surg. 2008 May; 32(5):856-62.
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  40. Atkinson JL, Young WF Jr, Meyer FB, Davis DH, Nippoldt TB, Erickson D, Vella A, Natt N, Abboud CF, Carpenter PC. Sublabial transseptal vs transnasal combined endoscopic microsurgery in patients with Cushing disease and MRI-depicted microadenomas. Mayo Clin Proc. 2008 May; 83(5):550-3.
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  41. Chow JT, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Farley DR, Richards ML, Young WF Jr. Bilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy for corticotrophin-dependent Cushing's syndrome: a review of the Mayo Clinic experience. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2008 Apr; 68(4):513-9. Epub 2007 Oct 29.
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  42. Zarnegar R, Young WF Jr, Lee J, Sweet MP, Kebebew E, Farley DR, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Clark OH, Duh QY. The aldosteronoma resolution score: predicting complete resolution of hypertension after adrenalectomy for aldosteronoma. Ann Surg. 2008 Mar; 247(3):511-8.
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  43. Algeciras-Schimnich A, Preissner CM, Young WF Jr, Singh RJ, Grebe SK. Plasma chromogranin A or urine fractionated metanephrines follow-up testing improves the diagnostic accuracy of plasma fractionated metanephrines for pheochromocytoma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Jan; 93(1):91-5. Epub 2007 Oct 16.
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  44. Dao LN, Scheithauer BW, Erlandson RA, Young WF Jr, Aidan Carney J. Divergent myoid, neuroendocrine, and perineural differentiation in a nasal tumor of a patient with Carney complex. Am J Surg Pathol. 2008 Jan; 32(1):167-71.
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  45. Young WF Jr. Adrenal causes of hypertension: pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2007 Dec; 8(4):309-20.
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  46. You YN, Thompson GB, Young WF Jr, Larson D, Farley DR, Richards M, Grant CS. Pancreatoduodenal surgery in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1: Operative outcomes, long-term function, and quality of life. Surgery. 2007 Dec; 142(6):829-36.
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  47. Young WF Jr, Thompson GB. Role for laparoscopic adrenalectomy in patients with Cushing's syndrome. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2007 Nov; 51(8):1349-54.
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  48. Erickson D, Natt N, Nippoldt T, Young WF Jr, Carpenter PC, Petterson T, Christianson T. Dexamethasone-suppressed corticotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test for diagnosis of mild hypercortisolism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Aug; 92(8):2972-6. Epub 2007 May 08.
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  49. Perry CG, Sawka AM, Singh R, Thabane L, Bajnarek J, Young WF Jr. The diagnostic efficacy of urinary fractionated metanephrines measured by tandem mass spectrometry in detection of pheochromocytoma. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2007 May; 66(5):703-8.
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  50. Young WF. Primary aldosteronism: renaissance of a syndrome. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2007 May; 66(5):607-18.
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  51. Young WF. The incidentally discovered adrenal mass. N Engl J Med. 2007 Feb 8; 356(6):601-10.
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  52. Pham TH, Moir C, Thompson GB, Zarroug AE, Hamner CE, Farley D, van Heerden J, Lteif AN, Young WF Jr. Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma in children: a review of medical and surgical management at a tertiary care center. Pediatrics. 2006 Sep; 118(3):1109-17.
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  53. Young WF Jr. Paragangliomas: clinical overview. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Aug; 1073:21-9.
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  54. Scheithauer BW, Gaffey TA, Lloyd RV, Sebo TJ, Kovacs KT, Horvath E, Yapicier O, Young WF Jr, Meyer FB, Kuroki T, Riehle DL, Laws ER Jr. Pathobiology of pituitary adenomas and carcinomas. Neurosurgery. 2006 Aug; 59(2):341-53; discussion 341-53.
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  55. Mattsson C, Young WF Jr. Primary aldosteronism: diagnostic and treatment strategies. Nat Clin Pract Nephrol. 2006 Apr; 2(4):198-208; quiz, 1 p following 230.
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  56. Mattsson C, Stanhope CR, Sam S, Young WF Jr. Image in endocrinology: testosterone-secreting ovarian tumor localized with (fluorine-18)-2-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Mar; 91(3):738-9.
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  57. Detling N, Smith A, Nishimura R, Keller S, Martinez M, Young W, Holmes D. Psychophysiologic responses of invasive cardiologists in an academic catheterization laboratory. Am Heart J. 2006 Feb; 151(2):522-8.
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  58. Perry CG, Young WF Jr, McWhinney SR, Bei T, Stergiopoulos S, Knudson RA, Ketterling RP, Eng C, Stratakis CA, Carney JA. Functioning paraganglioma and gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the jejunum in three women: syndrome or coincidence. Am J Surg Pathol. 2006 Jan; 30(1):42-9.
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  59. Young WF Jr, Thompson GB. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for patients who have Cushing's syndrome. Endocrinol Metab Clin N Am. 2005 Jun; 34(2):489-99.
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  60. Scheithauer BW, Kurtkaya-Yapicier O, Kovacs KT, Young WF, Lloyd RV. Pituitary carcinoma: A clinicopathological review. Neurosurgery. 2005 May; 56(5):1066-74.
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  61. McGann C, Tazelaar H, Cho SR, Al-Saghir Y, Shean F, Young W, Schaff H. In vivo detection of encapsulated intracardiac paraganglioma by delayed gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2005 Apr; 7(2):371-5.
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  62. Young WF, Stanson AW, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Farley DR, van Heerden JA. Role for adrenal venous sampling in primary aldosteronism. Surgery. 2004 Dec; 136(6):1227-35.
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  63. Smith AM, Finnie SB, Stuart MJ, Meis J, Beaver KM, Laskowski ER, Young WF. Psychophysiologic factors and performance in ice hockey goalies during competition. J ASTM Int'l. 2004 Feb; 1(2):1-17.
  64. George DH, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Young WF Jr, Lloyd RV, Meyer FB. Crooke's cell adenoma of the pituitary: an aggressive variant of corticotroph adenoma. Am J Surg Pathol. 2003 Oct; 27(10):1330-6.
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  65. Zangeneh F, Young WF Jr, Lloyd RV, Chiang M, Kurczynski E, Zangeneh F. Cushing's syndrome due to ectopic production of corticotropin-releasing hormone in an infant with ganglioneuroblastoma. Endocr Pract. 2003 Sep-Oct; 9(5):394-9.
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  66. Young WF Jr. Primary aldosteronism - treatment options. Growth Horm IGF Res. 2003 Aug; 13 Suppl A:S102-8.
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  67. Rizza RA, Vigersky RA, Rodbard HW, Ladenson PW, Young WF Jr, Surks MI, Kahn R, Hogan PF. A model to determine workforce needs for endocrinologists in the United States until 2020. Endocr Pract. 2003 May-Jun; 9(3):210-9.
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  68. Cohen-Gadol AA, Pichelmann MA, Link MJ, Scheithauer BW, Krecke KN, Young WF Jr, Hardy J, Giannini C. Granular cell tumor of the sellar and suprasellar region: clinicopathologic study of 11 cases and literature review. Mayo Clin Proc. 2003 May; 78(5):567-73.
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  69. Thompson GB, Young WF Jr. Adrenal incidentaloma. Curr Opin Oncol. 2003 Jan; 15(1):84-90.
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  70. Young WF Jr. Adrenal-dependent hypertension. Probl Gen Surg. 2003; 20(3):68-80.
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  71. Kendrick ML, Curlee K, Lloyd R, Farley DR, Grant CS, Thompson GB, Rowland C, Young WF Jr, van Heerden JA. Aldosterone-secreting adrenocortical carcinomas are associated with unique operative risks and outcomes. Surgery. 2002 Dec; 132(6):1008-11; discussion 1012.
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  72. Kurtkaya-Yapicier O, Scheithauer BW, Carney JA, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Stratakis CA, Vidal S, Vella A, Young WF Jr, Atkinson JL, Lloyd RV, Kontogeorgos G. Pituitary adenoma in Carney complex: an immunohistochemical, ultrastructural, and immunoelectron microscopic study. Ultrastruct Pathol. 2002 Nov-Dec; 26(6):345-53.
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  73. Montori VM, Young WF Jr. Use of plasma aldosterone concentration-to-plasma renin activity ratio as a screening test for primary aldosteronism. A systematic review of the literature. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2002 Sep; 31(3):619-32, xi.
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  74. Young WF Jr. Primary aldosteronism: management issues. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Sep; 970:61-76.
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  75. Baghai M, Thompson GB, Young WF Jr, Grant CS, Michels VV, van Heerden JA. Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas in von Hippel-Lindau disease: a role for laparoscopic and cortical-sparing surgery. Arch Surg. 2002 Jun; 137(6):682-8; discussion 688-9.
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  76. Gaffey TA, Scheithauer BW, Lloyd RV, Burger PC, Robbins P, Fereidooni F, Horvath E, Kovacs K, Kuroki T, Young WF Jr, Sebo TJ, Riehle DL, Belzberg AJ. Corticotroph carcinoma of the pituitary: a clinicopathological study. Report of four cases. J Neurosurg. 2002 Feb; 96(2):352-60.
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  77. Heshmati HM, Scheithauer BW, Young WF. Metastases to the pituitary gland. Endocrinologist. 2002 Jan-Feb; 12(1):45-9.
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  78. Erickson D, Kudva YC, Ebersold MJ, Thompson GB, Grant CS, van Heerden JA, Young WF Jr. Benign paragangliomas: clinical presentation and treatment outcomes in 236 patients. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Nov; 86(11):5210-6.
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  79. Egensperger R, Scheithauer BW, Horvath E, Kovacs K, Giannini C, Young WF, Lloyd R, Atkinson J, Nippoldt TB. Cushing's disease due to plurihormonal adrenocorticotropic hormone and gonadotropin-producing pituitary adenoma. Acta Neuropathol. 2001 Oct; 102(4):398-403.
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  80. Sawka AM, Singh RJ, Young WF. False positive biochemical testing for pheochromocytoma caused by surreptitious catecholamine addition to urine. Endocrinologist. 2001 Sep-Oct; 11(5):421-423.
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  81. Godfrey JA, Rickman OB, Williams AW, Thompson GB, Young WF Jr. Pheochromocytoma in a patient with end-stage renal disease. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001 Sep; 76(9):953-7.
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  82. Sawka AM, Young WF, Thompson GB, Grant CS, Farley DR, Leibson C, van Heerden JA. Primary aldosteronism: factors associated with normalization of blood pressure after surgery. Ann Intern Med. 2001 Aug 21; 135(4):258-61.
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  83. Vella A, Young WF. Pituitary apoplexy. Endocrinologist. 2001 Jul-Aug; 11(4):282-8.
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  84. Aniszewski JP, Young WF Jr, Thompson GB, Grant CS, van Heerden JA. Cushing syndrome due to ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion. World J Surg. 2001 Jul; 25(7):934-40.
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  85. Scheithauer BW, Fereidooni F, Horvath E, Kovacs K, Robbins P, Tews D, Henry K, Pernicone P, Gaffrey TA Jr, Meyer FB, Young WF Jr, Fahlbusch R, Buchfelder M, Lloyd RV. Pituitary carcinoma: an ultrastructural study of eleven cases. Ultrastruct Pathol. 2001 May-Jun; 25(3):227-42.
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  86. Sawka AM, Young WF Jr, Schaff HV. Cardiac phaeochromocytoma presenting with severe hypertension and chest pain. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2001 May; 54(5):689-92.
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  87. Kendrick ML, Lloyd R, Erickson L, Farley DR, Grant CS, Thompson GB, Rowland C, Young WF Jr, van Heerden JA. Adrenocortical carcinoma: surgical progress or status quo? Arch Surg. 2001 May; 136(5):543-9.
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  88. Vella A, Thompson GB, Grant CS, van Heerden JA, Farley DR, Young WF Jr. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for adrenocorticotropin-dependent Cushing's syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Apr; 86(4):1596-9.
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  89. Lim PO, Young WF, MacDonald TM. A review of the medical treatment of primary aldosteronism. J Hypertens. 2001 Mar; 19(3):353-61.
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  90. Kinney MA, Warner ME, vanHeerden JA, Horlocker TT, Young WF Jr, Schroeder DR, Maxson PM, Warner MA. Perianesthetic risks and outcomes of pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma resection. Anesth Analg. 2000 Nov; 91(5):1118-23.
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  91. Scheithauer BW, Jaap AJ, Horvath E, Kovacs K, Lloyd RV, Meyer FB, Laws ER Jr, Young WF Jr. Clinically silent corticotroph tumors of the pituitary gland. Neurosurgery. 2000 Sep; 47(3):723-9; discussion 729-30.
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  92. Loh KC, Koay ES, Khaw MC, Emmanuel SC, Young WF Jr. Prevalence of primary aldosteronism among Asian hypertensive patients in Singapore. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2000 Aug; 85(8):2854-9.
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  93. Barkan AL, Clemmons DR, Molitch ME, Stewart PM, Young WF Jr. Growth hormone therapy for hypopituitary adults: time for re-appraisal. Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2000 Aug; 11(6):238-45.
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  94. Bonelli FS, Huston J 3rd, Carpenter PC, Erickson D, Young WF Jr, Meyer FB. Adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing's syndrome: sensitivity and specificity of inferior petrosal sinus sampling. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2000 Apr; 21(4):690-6.
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  95. Young WF Jr. Management approaches to adrenal incidentalomas. A view from Rochester, Minnesota. Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America. 2000 Mar; 29(1):159-85, x.
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  96. Sawka AM, Aniszewski JP, Young WF Jr, Nippoldt TB, Yanez P, Ebersold MJ. Tension pneumocranium, a rare complication of transsphenoidal pituitary surgery: Mayo Clinic experience 1976-1998. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Dec; 84(12):4731-4.
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  97. Rajasoorya C, Scheithauer BW, Tan L, Young WF. Pituitary gigantism with intracerebral metastases. Endocrinologist. 1999 Nov-Dec; 9(6):497-501.
  98. Young WF Jr. Primary aldosteronism: A common and curable form of hypertension. Cardiol Rev. 1999 Jul-Aug; 7(4):207-14.
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  99. Jin L, Kulig E, Qian X, Scheithauer BW, Young WF Jr, Davis DH, Seidah NG, Chretien M, Lloyd RV. Distribution and regulation of proconvertases PC1 and PC2 in human pituitary adenomas. Pituitary. 1999 May; 1(3-4):187-95.
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  100. Brilakis ES, Young WF Jr, Wilson JW, Thompson GB, Munger TM. Reversible catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy in a heart transplant candidate without persistent or paroxysmal hypertension. J Heart Lung Transplant. 1999 Apr; 18(4):376-80.
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  101. Kudva YC, Young WF, Thompson GB, Grant CS, van Heerden JA. Adrenal incidentaloma: an important component of the clinical presentation spectrum of benign sporadic adrenal pheochromocytoma. Endocrinologist. 1999 Mar-Apr; 9(2):77-80.
  102. Young WFJr. Pheochromocytoma. Conn's Current Therapy. 1999; 1999:667-72.
  103. Newman CB, Melmed S, George A, Torigian D, Duhaney M, Snyder P, Young W, Klibanski A, Molitch ME, Gagel R, Sheeler L, Cook D, Malarkey W, Jackson I, Vance ML, Barkan A, Frohman L, Kleinberg DL. Octreotide as primary therapy for acromegaly. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1998 Sep; 83(9):3034-40.
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  104. Thompson PJ, Davies RJ, Young WF, Grossman AB, Donnell D. Safety of hydrofluoroalkane-134a beclomethasone dipropionate extrafine aerosol. Respir Med. 1998 Jun; 92(Suppl A):33-9.
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  105. Kollmorgen CF, Thompson GB, Grant CS, van Heerden JA, Byrne J, Davies ET, Donohue JH, Ilstrup DM, Young WF. Laparoscopic versus open posterior adrenalectomy: comparison of acute-phase response and wound healing in the cushingoid porcine model. World J Surg. 1998 Jun; 22(6):613-9; discussion 619-20.
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  106. Swain JM, Grant CS, Schlinkert RT, Thompson GB, vanHeerden JA, Lloyd RV, Young WF. Corticotropin-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia: a clinicopathologic correlation. Arch Surg. 1998 May; 133(5):541-5; discussion 545-6.
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  107. Ness SM, Young WF Jr. Dynamic endocrine testing. The Mayo Clinic model. Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America. 1997 Dec; 26(4):957-72.
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  108. Young WF Jr. Pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism: diagnostic approaches. Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America. 1997 Dec; 26(4):801-27.
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  109. Thompson GB, Grant CS, van Heerden JA, Schlinkert RT, Young WF Jr, Farley DR, Ilstrup DM. Laparoscopic versus open posterior adrenalectomy: a case-control study of 100 patients. Surgery. 1997 Dec; 122(6):1132-6.
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  110. Kudva YC, Young WF Jr. Lightheaded spells and hypertension. Lancet. 1997 Oct 18; 350(9085):1140.
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  111. Levy NT, Young WF Jr, Habermann TM, Strickler JG, Carney JA, Stanson AW. Adrenal insufficiency as a manifestation of disseminated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Mayo Clin Proc. 1997 Sep; 72(9):818-22.
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  112. Jin L, Qian X, Kulig E, Sanno N, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs K, Young WF Jr, Lloyd RV. Transforming growth factor-beta, transforming growth factor-beta receptor II, and p27Kip1 expression in nontumorous and neoplastic human pituitaries. Am J Pathol. 1997 Aug; 151(2):509-19.
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  113. Young WF. Primary aldosteronism - update on diagnosis and treatment. Endocrinologist. 1997 Jul-Aug; 7(4):213-221.
  114. Young WF Jr. Pheochromocytoma: issues in diagnosis & treatment. Compr Ther. 1997 May; 23(5):319-26.
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  115. Heshmati HM, Touitou Y, Foubert L, Young WF Jr, Bruckert E, Turpin G. Serum neuron-specific enolase in patients with pituitary adenoma. Clin Chem. 1997 Mar; 43(3):540-1.
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  116. Pernicone PJ, Scheithauer BW, Sebo TJ, Kovacs KT, Horvath E, Young WF Jr, Lloyd RV, Davis DH, Guthrie BL, Schoene WC. Pituitary carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study of 15 cases. Cancer. 1997 Feb 15; 79(4):804-12.
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  117. Young WF Jr. Phaeochromocytoma: how to catch a moonbeam in your hand. European Journal of Endocrinology. 1997 Jan; 136(1):28-9.
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  118. Natt N, Young WF Jr. The ovine corticotropin stimulation test in the differential diagnosis of ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome. Endocrine Practice. 1997; 3:130-4.
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  119. Young WF Jr. Pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism. Cancer Treatment & Research. 1997; 89:239-61.
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  120. Young WF Jr, Stanson AW, Grant CS, Thompson GB, van Heerden JA. Primary aldosteronism: adrenal venous sampling. Surgery. 1996 Dec; 120(6):913-9; discussion 919-20.
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  121. O'Riordain DS, Young WF Jr, Grant CS, Carney JA, van Heerden JA. Clinical spectrum and outcome of functional extraadrenal paraganglioma. World J Surg. 1996 Sep; 20(7):916-21; discussion 922.
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  122. Young WF Jr, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs KT, Horvath E, Davis DH, Randall RV. Gonadotroph adenoma of the pituitary gland: a clinicopathologic analysis of 100 cases. Mayo Clin Proc. 1996 Jul; 71(7):649-56.
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  123. Jin L, Scheithauer BW, Young WF Jr, Davis DH, Klee GG, Lloyd RV. Pancreastatin secretion by pituitary adenomas and regulation of chromogranin B mRNA expression. Am J Pathol. 1996 Jun; 148(6):2057-66.
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  124. Tan GH, Carney JA, Grant CS, Young WF Jr. Coexistence of bilateral adrenal phaeochromocytoma and idiopathic hyperaldosteronism. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 1996 May; 44(5):603-9.
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  125. Yamamoto Y, Davis DH, Nippoldt TB, Young WF Jr, Huston J 3rd, Parisi JE. False-positive inferior petrosal sinus sampling in the diagnosis of Cushing's disease. Report of two cases. J Neurosurg. 1995 Dec; 83(6):1087-91.
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  126. Naylor MF, Scheithauer BW, Forbes GS, Tomlinson FH, Young WF. Rathke cleft cyst: CT, MR, and pathology of 23 cases. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1995 Nov-Dec; 19(6):853-9.
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  127. Newman CB, Melmed S, Snyder PJ, Young WF, Boyajy LD, Levy R, Stewart WN, Klibanski A, Molitch ME, Gagel RF. Safety and efficacy of long-term octreotide therapy of acromegaly: results of a multicenter trial in 103 patients--a clinical research center study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Sep; 80(9):2768-75.
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  128. Young WF Jr, Maddox DE. Spells: in search of a cause. Mayo Clin Proc. 1995 Aug; 70(8):757-65.
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  129. Crotty TB, Scheithauer BW, Young WF Jr, Davis DH, Shaw EG, Miller GM, Burger PC. Papillary craniopharyngioma: a clinicopathological study of 48 cases. J Neurosurg. 1995 Aug; 83(2):206-14.
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  130. Lloyd RV, Jin L, Qian X, Scheithauer BW, Young WF Jr, Davis DH. Analysis of the chromogranin A post-translational cleavage product pancreastatin and the prohormone convertases PC2 and PC3 in normal and neoplastic human pituitaries. Am J Pathol. 1995 May; 146(5):1188-98.
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  131. van Heerden JA, Young WF Jr, Grant CS, Carpenter PC. Adrenal surgery for hypercortisolism--surgical aspects. Surgery. 1995 Apr; 117(4):466-72.
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  132. Dinneen SF, Carney JA, Carpenter PC, Grant CS, Young WF Jr. ACTH-independent Cushing's syndrome: bilateral cortisol-producing adrenal adenomas. Endocrine Practice /April. 1995 Mar; 1(2):77-81.
  133. Tan GH, Young WF Jr. Transient hypopituitarism. Endocrine Practice. 1995; 1:320-2.
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  134. O'Riordain DS, Farley DR, Young WF Jr, Grant CS, van Heerden JA. Long-term outcome of bilateral adrenalectomy in patients with Cushing's syndrome. Surgery. 1994 Dec; 116(6):1088-93; discussion 1093-4.
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  135. Maus TL, Young WF Jr, Brubaker RF. Aqueous flow in humans after adrenalectomy. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1994 Jul; 35(8):3325-31.
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  136. Young WF Jr, Hogan MJ. Renin-independent hypermineralocorticoidism. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Apr; 5:97-106.
  137. Sheridan PT, Brubaker RF, Larsson LI, Rettig ES, Young WF Jr. The effect of oral dexamethasone on the circadian rhythm of aqueous humor flow in humans. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1994 Mar; 35(3):1150-6.
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  138. Sano T, Kovacs KT, Scheithauer BW, Young WF Jr. Aging and the human pituitary gland. Mayo Clin Proc. 1993 Oct; 68(10):971-7.
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  139. O'Brien T, Young WF Jr, Palumbo PJ, O'Brien PC, Service FJ. Hypertension and dyslipidemia in patients with insulinoma. Mayo Clin Proc. 1993 Feb; 68(2):141-6.
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  140. Zimmerman D, Young WF Jr, Ebersold MJ, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Whitaker MD, Eberhardt NL, Downs TR, Frohman LA. Congenital gigantism due to growth hormone-releasing hormone excess and pituitary hyperplasia with adenomatous transformation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1993 Jan; 76(1):216-22.
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  141. Young WF Jr. Pheochromocytoma: 1926 to 1993 Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism. 1993; 4:122-7.
  142. Young WF Jr. The adrenal gland, 2nd edition. V. H. T James, Editor. Raven Press. The Endocrinologist. 1993; 3:371-2.
  143. Bharucha AE, Young WF Jr, Carney JA. Primary pigmented nodular adrenal disease with cyclic Cushing's syndrome. American College of Physicians 74th Annual Session Washington DC, 1993 Apr 2.
  144. O'Brien T, Young WF Jr, Davila DG, Scheithauer BW, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Vale W, van Heerden JA. Cushing's syndrome associated with ectopic production of corticotrophin-releasing hormone, corticotrophin and vasopressin by a phaeochromocytoma. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 1992 Nov; 37(5):460-7.
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  145. Marin F, Kovacs KT, Scheithauer BW, Young WF Jr. The pituitary gland in patients with breast carcinoma: a histologic and immunocytochemical study of 125 cases. Mayo Clin Proc. 1992 Oct; 67(10):949-56.
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  146. Magner J, Klibanski A, Fein H, Smallridge R, Blackard W, Young W Jr, Ferriss JB, Murphy D, Kane J, Rubin D. Ricin and lentil lectin-affinity chromatography reveals oligosaccharide heterogeneity of thyrotropin secreted by 12 human pituitary tumors. Metabolism. 1992 Sep; 41(9):1009-15.
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  147. Wynne AG, Scheithauer BW, Young WF Jr, Kovacs K, Ebersold MJ, Horvath E. Coexisting corticotroph and lactotroph adenomas: case report with reference to the relationship of corticotropin and prolactin excess. Neurosurgery. 1992 Jun; 30(6):919-23.
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  148. Service FJ, O'Brien PC, Kao PC, Young WF Jr. C-peptide suppression test: effects of gender, age, and body mass index; implications for the diagnosis of insulinoma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1992 Jan; 74(1):204-10.
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  149. Carney JA, Young WF Jr. Primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease and its associated conditions. Endocrinologist. 1992 Jan; 2:6-21.
  150. Scheithauer BW, Kovacs KT, Young WF Jr, Randall RV. The pituitary gland in hyperthyroidism. Mayo Clin Proc. 1992 Jan; 67(1):22-6.
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  151. Young WF Jr, Carney JA. Cushing's syndrome: primary pigmented nodular adrenal disease. Adv Endocrinol Metab. 1992; 3:179-97.
  152. Stefaneanu L, Kovacs K, Lloyd RV, Scheithauer BW, Young WF, Sano T, Jin L. Pituitary lactotrophs and somatotrophs in pregnancy: a correlative in situ hybridization and immunocytochemical study. Virchows Arch B Cell Pathol Incl Mol Pathol. 1992; 62(5):291-6.
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  153. Ezzat S, Snyder PJ, Young WF Jr, Boyajy LD, Newman C, Klibanski A, Molitch ME, Boyd AE, Sheeler L, Cook DM, Malarkey WB, Jackson I, Vance ML, Thorner MO, Barkan A, Frohman L, Melmed S. Octreotide treatment of acromegaly: a randomized multicenter study Annals of Internal Medicine. 1992; 117:711-8.
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  154. O'Brien T, Young WF, Davila DG, Scheitauer BW, VanHeerden JA, Kovacs K, Horvath E, Vale W. Cushings syndrome associated with production of CRH, ACTH, and ADH by a pheochromocytoma. American College of Physicians Minnesota Minneapolis. 1991 Nov; Affiliate.
  155. Leinung MC, Young WF Jr, Whitaker MD, Scheithauer BW, Trastek VF, Kvols LK. Diagnosis of corticotropin-producing bronchial carcinoid tumors causing Cushing's syndrome. Mayo Clin Proc. 1990 Oct; 65(10):1314-21.
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  156. Young WF Jr. Human liver tyrosylsulfotransferase. Gastroenterology. 1990 Oct; 99(4):1072-8.
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  157. Young WF Jr, Zinsmeister AR, Twomey CK, Kao PC, Jiang NS, Carpenter PC. Ovine corticotropin releasing hormone stimulation test: normal value study. Mayo Clin Proc. 1990 Jul; 65(7):943-8.
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  158. Scheithauer BW, Sano T, Kovacs KT, Young WF Jr, Ryan N, Randall RV. The pituitary gland in pregnancy: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 69 cases. Mayo Clin Proc. 1990 Apr; 65(4):461-74.
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  159. Torres VE, Young WF Jr, Offord KP, Hattery RR. Association of hypokalemia, aldosteronism, and renal cysts. N Engl J Med. 1990 Feb 8; 322(6):345-51.
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  160. Young WF Jr, Hogan MJ, Klee GG, Grant CS, van Heerden JA. Primary aldosteronism: diagnosis and treatment. Mayo Clin Proc. 1990 Jan; 65(1):96-110.
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  161. Young WF Jr, Carney JA, Musa BU, Wulffraat NM, Lens JW, Drexhage HA. Familial Cushing's syndrome due to primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease. Reinvestigation 50 years later. N Engl J Med. 1989 Dec 14; 321(24):1659-64.
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  162. Rainwater LM, Young WF Jr, Farrow GM, Grant CS, van Heerden JA, Lieber MM. Flow cytometric analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy in benign and malignant aldosterone-producing neoplasms of the adrenal gland. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1989 Jun; 168(6):491-6.
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  163. Young WF Jr, Klee GG. Primary aldosteronism. Diagnostic evaluation. Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America. 1988 Jun; 17(2):367-95.
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  164. Young WF Jr, Gorman CA, Weinshilboum RM. Triiodothyronine: a substrate for the thermostable and thermolabile forms of human phenol sulfotransferase. Endocrinology. 1988 May; 122(5):1816-24.
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  165. Young WF Jr, Scheithauer BW, Gharib H, Laws ER Jr, Carpenter PC. Cushing's syndrome due to primary multinodular corticotrope hyperplasia. Mayo Clin Proc. 1988 Mar; 63(3):256-62.
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  166. Hosaka Y, Rainwater LM, Grant CS, Young WF Jr, Farrow GM, van Heerden JA, Lieber MM. Adrenocortical carcinoma: nuclear deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy studied by flow cytometry. Surgery. 1987 Dec; 102(6):1027-34.
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  167. Young WF Jr, Laws ER Jr, Sharbrough FW, Weinshilboum RM. Human monoamine oxidase. Lack of brain and platelet correlation. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1986 Jun; 43(6):604-9.
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  168. Young WF Jr, Laws ER Jr, Sharbrough FW, Weinshilboum RM. Human phenol sulfotransferase: correlation of brain and platelet activities. J Neurochem. 1985 Apr; 44(4):1131-7.
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  169. Young WF Jr, Abboud CF, Laws ER Jr, Van Loon JA, Weinshilboum RM. Erythrocyte catechol-O-methyltransferase, platelet monoamine oxidase, and platelet phenol sulfotransferase activities in patients with prolactin- secreting pituitary adenomas. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1984 Dec; 59(6):1207-10.
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  170. Young WF, Gorman CA, Jiang NS, Machacek D, Hay ID. L-thyroxine contamination of pharmaceutical D-thyroxine: probable cause of therapeutic effect. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 1984 Dec; 36(6):781-7.
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  171. Young WF Jr, Okazaki H, Laws ER Jr, Weinshilboum RM. Human brain phenol sulfotransferase: biochemical properties and regional localization. J Neurochem. 1984 Sep; 43(3):706-15.
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  172. Young WF Jr, Ospina LF, Weslowski D, Touma A. The primary empty sella syndrome: Diagnosis with metrizamide cisternography. JAMA. 1981; 256:2611-2.
  173. Young WF Jr, Dey RD, Echt R. Comparisons of prostaglandin vasoactive effects and interactions in the in vivo microcirculation of the rat urinary bladder. Microvasc Res. 1979; 17:1-11.
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  174. Echt R, Dey RD, Young WF Jr. Internal tissue heat during in vivo transillumination with fused quartz and borosilicate glass rods. Microvasc Res. 1976; 11:217-26.
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