Rebecca L. Johnson, M.D., conducts research in regional and obstetric anesthesia. She is an anesthesiologist with fellowship training in both regional anesthesia and clinical research. Currently, her research focuses on surgical and anesthesia-related outcomes of major hip and knee surgery.
The long-term goals for Dr. Johnson's research efforts include gathering the evidence on anesthesia interventions for major orthopedic surgery in order to implement ideal processes for anesthesia and surgical health care delivery. As medical care becomes more complex and the costs of care alternatives receive increased national attention, patient-centered dissemination and implementation research may provide important methods to guide perioperative health care delivery.
- Comparative-effectiveness research among anesthesia interventions for orthopedic surgery
- Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of surgical and anesthesia-related outcomes
- Risk communication and shared decision-making research in anesthesiology
- Dissemination and implementation research in anesthesiology
Significance to patient care
Total hip and total knee replacements are two of the most common major surgical procedures, and their numbers have been growing exponentially over recent decades. Unlike major abdominal or cardiac surgeries that require general anesthesia, major lower extremity orthopedic surgeries can be performed with either spinal or general anesthesia.
To date, no one has prospectively studied the perioperative outcomes related to the important choice of receiving spinal or general anesthesia for joint replacement. The data generated by Dr. Johnson's research may provide improved safety information for patients by delivering evidence-informed, patient-centered outcome details. This information may then be used to better guide the patient and his or her provider on the choice of spinal anesthesia or general anesthesia for total hip or knee arthroplasty.
- Health Care Delivery Scholar, Robert D. and Patricia E. Kern Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, Mayo Clinic, 2014-present
- Postdoctoral diploma, Mayo Clinic Center for Clinical and Translational Science in collaboration with Mayo Graduate School, 2012
- Reviewer, Journal of Clinical Anesthesia, 2014-present; Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine journal, 2012- present; Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 2012-present; and Anesthesia & Analgesia journal, 2011-present
- Bronze Quality Fellow certification, Mayo Clinic Quality Fellows, 2010