Clinical Trials

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36 studies in Division of Nephrology and Hypertension

  1. A Multi-center, Open-label, Single-arm, Phase 3b Study of Macitentan in Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension to Psychometrically Validate the PAH-SYMPACT Instrument

    Rochester, Minn. View Summary

    A Multi-center, Open-label, Single-arm, Phase 3b Study of Macitentan in Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension to Psychometrically Validate the PAH-SYMPACT Instrument

    Location:

    Rochester, Minn.

    Trial status:

    Open for Enrollment

    Why is this study being done?

    SYMPHONY is prospective, multi-center, open-label, single-arm, Phase 3b psychometric validation study of the PAH-SYMPACT, a new quality of life questionnaire for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Patients will be in the study for 5 1/2 months, 4 months of which they will receive macitentan, 10 mg, once daily. The primary objectives are to demonstrate the final content validity of the PAH SYMPACT instrument, to demonstrate the psychometric characteristics of reliability and construct validity of the PAH-SYMPACT instrument, and to demonstrate the ability of the PAH SYMPACT instrument to detect change. The secondary objective is to assess the safety of macitentan in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. The exploratory objective is to explore the effects of macitentan on PAH symptoms and their impact (as measured by the PAH-SYMPACT) in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension.

    NCT ID:

    NCT01841762

    IRB Number:

    13-002142

    Who can I contact for additional information about this study?

    Rochester: Robert Frantz 507-284-2511
                        LuAnne Koenig (507) 284-4298
    Scottsdale: Robert L Scott 480-342-2376
                        Arcenio Galindo (480) 342-3987
    Jacksonville: Charles Burger 904-953-2000
                        Shannon Kennedy (904) 953-8557
  2. A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 2 Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of a Vaccine, ASP0113, in Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-Seronegative Kidney Transplant Recipients Receiving an Organ From a CMV-Seropositive Donor

    Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz. View Summary

    A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 2 Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of a Vaccine, ASP0113, in Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-Seronegative Kidney Transplant Recipients Receiving an Organ From a CMV-Seropositive Donor

    Location:

    Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz.

    Trial status:

    Open for Enrollment

    Why is this study being done?

    Subjects will be followed for one year after first study drug injection. This is the primary study period. Subjects will be followed for 4.5 years after completion of the primary study to assess long-term safety of the vaccine.

    NCT ID:

    NCT01974206

    IRB Number:

    13-007314

    Who can I contact for additional information about this study?

  3. Influence of Hydroxyproline Plasma Concentration on Its Metabolism to Oxalate

    Rochester, Minn. View Summary

    Influence of Hydroxyproline Plasma Concentration on Its Metabolism to Oxalate

    Location:

    Rochester, Minn.

    Trial status:

    Open for Enrollment

    Why is this study being done?

    The purpose of this study is to determine the contribution of hydroxyproline metabolism to urinary oxalate and glycolate excretion in patients with primary hyperoxaluria. Oxalic acid (COOH)2 is an end product of metabolism that is synthesized mainly in the liver. We have estimated that 10 - 20 mg is synthesized in the body of healthy adults each day (1). The main precursor of oxalate is glyoxylate (CHO•COOH). The bulk of the glyoxylate formed is normally transaminated to glycine (NH2•CH2•COOH) by alanine: lyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT) or reduced to glycolate (CHOH•COOH) by glyoxylate reductase (GR). Less than 10% of the glyoxylate is oxidized to oxalate by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). In individuals with the disease, primary hyperoxaluria, AGT, GR, or HOGA enzyme is deficient and the amount of oxalate synthesized by the liver increases to 80 - 300 mg per day. The increased oxalate excreted in urine can cause damage to kidney tissue. Calcium oxalate stones may form in the kidney or calcium oxalate crystals may deposit in renal tubules and the renal parenchyma (nephrocalcinosis). An increased rate of oxalate synthesis could also contribute to idiopathic calcium oxalate stone disease. Understanding the pathways of endogenous oxalate synthesis and identifying strategies that decrease oxalate production could be beneficial for individuals with these diseases. Hydroxyproline is the primary source of glyoxylate identified in the body (2). Daily collagen turnover of bone results in the formation of 300 - 450 mg of hydroxyproline, which cannot be re-utilized by the body and is broken down. This metabolism yields 180 - 250 mg of glyoxylate. Further hydroxyproline is obtained from the diet, primarily from meat and gelatin-containing products. The bulk of the glyoxylate formed is converted to glycine by the liver enzyme AGT, some to glycolate and a small amount to oxalate. The proportion of these metabolites is not known with any certainty. In this study, a quantitative estimate of the metabolites formed will provide estimates of the contribution of hydroxyproline turnover to daily oxalate production. These experiments will provide valuable information for the future assessment of the contribution of hydroxyproline metabolism to oxalate production in individuals with primary hyperoxaluria.

    NCT ID:

    NCT02038543

    IRB Number:

    13-000150

    Who can I contact for additional information about this study?

    Rochester: Julie B Olson, RN 800-270-4637
                        


  4. Systematic Review of Clinical Biopsies of Dent Disease Patients

    Rochester, Minn. View Summary

    Systematic Review of Clinical Biopsies of Dent Disease Patients

    Location:

    Rochester, Minn.

    Trial status:

    Open for Enrollment

    Why is this study being done?

    If the patient agrees to be in the study, the patient will be asked to participate in the following: - Sign a consent form indicating the patient's willingness to participate. - Provide a signed medical release form allowing the investigator to request your official kidney biopsy reports, and also allowing the investigator to request the original slides for review. At the end of the study, all slides will be returned to the referring facility. - The investigator will also review your medical record

    NCT ID:

    NCT02022189

    IRB Number:

    13-003738

    Who can I contact for additional information about this study?

    Rochester: Alicia M Meek 507-255-4347
                        Mayo Clinic Rare Kidney Stone Consortium 800-270-4637


  5. Randomized, Double-Blind Phase III Study of Pazopanib vs. Placebo in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Who Have No Evidence of Disease Following Metastatectomy

    Rochester, Minn. View Summary

    Randomized, Double-Blind Phase III Study of Pazopanib vs. Placebo in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Who Have No Evidence of Disease Following Metastatectomy

    Location:

    Rochester, Minn.

    Trial status:

    Open for Enrollment

    Why is this study being done?

    PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate disease-free survival with pazopanib (pazopanib hydrochloride) as compared to placebo, defined as the time from randomization to the development of recurrent disease, second primary cancer (other than localized breast, localized prostate, or non-melanoma skin cancer) or death from any cause for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with no evidence of disease following metastatectomy. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To describe the overall survival of patients with advanced RCC randomly assigned to receive placebo or pazopanib for one year following metastatectomy to no evidence of disease (NED). II. To describe treatment- and (at recurrence) disease-related adverse events in the two treatment arms. III. To analyze quality-adjusted time without symptoms of disease or treatment (Q-TWiST) for subjects in the two treatment arms. IV. To characterize changes in patient-reported fatigue and (at recurrence) kidney cancer-related symptoms during and following treatment with pazopanib compared to placebo. V. To explore the association between plasma trough levels of pazopanib and disease-free and overall survival. VI. To prospectively bank preserved tissue from primary tumors and associated metastatic sites in patients with RCC. OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1of 2 treatment arms. ARM I: Patients receive pazopanib hydrochloride orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 13 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. ARM II: Patients receive placebo PO QD on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 13 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for the first two years, every 6 months for the next 3 years, and then annually through 10 years.

    NCT ID:

    NCT01575548

    IRB Number:

    12-008951

    Who can I contact for additional information about this study?

    Rochester: Brian A. Costello 507-538-7623
                        


  6. An Open-Label Study to Explore the Impact of Inhaled Treprostinil Sodium on Ventilation Perfusion Matching When Used for Treatment of Group 1 Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Patients With Concomitant Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

    Jacksonville, Fla. View Summary

    An Open-Label Study to Explore the Impact of Inhaled Treprostinil Sodium on Ventilation Perfusion Matching When Used for Treatment of Group 1 Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Patients With Concomitant Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

    Location:

    Jacksonville, Fla.

    Trial status:

    Open for Enrollment

    Why is this study being done?

    In patients with severe COPD where the FEV1 is 50% or less than predicted, emphysema and obliterating bronchiolitis presenting a "ceiling" to any improvement in function that can be achieved by therapies that dilate the airways or lessen inflammation. Such severe COPD is commonly associated with pulmonary hypertension at rest or during exercise. Although hypoxia has been classically considered to be the major pathogenic mechanism of pulmonary hypertension in COPD and oxygen has been the mainstay of therapy, other mechanisms may play important roles. Indeed, endothelial dysfunction can be observed in patients with mild to moderate COPD who do not have hypoxemia and in smokers with normal lung function. In addition, long-term oxygen therapy does not generally result in resolution of the pulmonary hypertension. A key question that remains is whether the newer therapies for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) could improve pulmonary hypertension and therefore exercise tolerance in COPD. Unfortunately the use of non-selective pulmonary vasodilator therapy in oral, intravenous or subcutaneous form for PAH patients who have unrelated concomitant COPD, is known to cause worsening gas exchange and intensification of symptoms despite a decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance and arterial pressures. We hypothesize that an inhaled pulmonary vasodilator may not worsen ventilation-perfusion mismatching by selectively vasodilating well ventilated areas in PAH patients with concomitant COPD and in fact may improve ventilation perfusion matching leading to preservation or improvement of oxygenation.

    NCT ID:

    NCT01494896

    IRB Number:

    11-000743

    Who can I contact for additional information about this study?



    Jacksonville: Pamela Long, RN 904-953-7718
                        Ellen Miceli, RN 904-953-8939
  7. Concomitant Renal Denervation Therapy in Hypertensive Patients Undergoing Atrial Fibrillation Ablation - A Feasibility Study

    Rochester, Minn. View Summary

    Concomitant Renal Denervation Therapy in Hypertensive Patients Undergoing Atrial Fibrillation Ablation - A Feasibility Study

    Location:

    Rochester, Minn.

    Trial status:

    Open for Enrollment

    Why is this study being done?

    Symptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) refractory to anti-arrhythmic drugs is commonly treated with ablation therapy. Pulmonary vein isolation along with additional substrate medication is commonly performed during ablation procedures is associated with 60-80% success rate for maintenance of sinus rhythm. After AF ablation hypertension (HTN) is a strong predictor for recurrence of atrial fibrillation. Drug resistant hypertension can be effectively treated with catheter based renal denervation therapy. Our primary hypothesis is concomitant renal denervation therapy along with AF ablation is associated with improvement in success rates of AF ablation along with adequate control of blood pressure. The specific objectives of this study are to prospectively compare success rates, time to AF recurrence, AF burden and blood pressure controls in patients randomized to concomitant renal denervation arm when compared to patients with AF ablation alone.

    NCT ID:

    NCT01952743

    IRB Number:

    12-009062

    Who can I contact for additional information about this study?

    Rochester: Siva K. Mulpuru, M.D. 507-255-2398
                        Rajiv Gulati, M.D., Ph.D. 507-538-6325


  8. Randomized Phase II Study Comparing Cabozantinib (NSC #761968) With Commercially Supplied Sunitinib in Patients With Previously Untreated Locally Advanced or Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

    Rochester, Minn. View Summary

    Randomized Phase II Study Comparing Cabozantinib (NSC #761968) With Commercially Supplied Sunitinib in Patients With Previously Untreated Locally Advanced or Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

    Location:

    Rochester, Minn.

    Trial status:

    Open for Enrollment

    Why is this study being done?

    PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine if patients with renal cancer treated with cabozantinib (cabozantinib-s-malate) will have improved progression-free survival compared to patients treated with sunitinib (sunitinib malate). SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine whether the response rate of patients with renal cancer treated with cabozantinib will be higher when compared with patients treated with sunitinib. II. To determine whether patients with renal cancer treated with cabozantinib will have an improved overall survival when compared with patients treated with sunitinib. TERTIARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine whether renal cancer patients with high met proto-oncogene (MET) expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) have improvement in progression-free survival compared to patients with low MET expression on both arms of this study. OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. ARM I: Patients receive cabozantinib-s-malate orally (PO) once daily (QD) for 6 weeks. Courses repeat every 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. ARM II: Patients receive sunitinib malate PO QD for 4 weeks. Courses repeat every 6 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 5 years.

    NCT ID:

    NCT01835158

    IRB Number:

    13-004381

    Who can I contact for additional information about this study?

    Rochester: Brian A. Costello 507-538-7623
                        


  9. A Phase 1 and Pharmacokinetic Study of Dabrafenib (GSK2118436B) in Patients With BRAFV600X Mutations and Renal or Hepatic Dysfunction

    Rochester, Minn. View Summary

    A Phase 1 and Pharmacokinetic Study of Dabrafenib (GSK2118436B) in Patients With BRAFV600X Mutations and Renal or Hepatic Dysfunction

    Location:

    Rochester, Minn.

    Trial status:

    Open for Enrollment

    Why is this study being done?

    PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the toxicity profile and the maximum tolerated doses (MTDs) of dabrafenib in patients with v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF)^V600X mutations and renal or hepatic dysfunction. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess for tumor response and various times to clinical event. II. To provide dosing recommendations for dabrafenib in patients with varying degrees of hepatic and renal dysfunction for possible inclusion in the label. TERTIARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess the pharmacokinetic and pharmacogenetic profile of dabrafenib and active metabolites. OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study. Patients receive dabrafenib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28 (once daily [QD] on day 1 of course 1). Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days.

    NCT ID:

    NCT01907802

    IRB Number:

    13-001223

    Who can I contact for additional information about this study?

    Rochester: Paul Haluska 507-284-2511
                        

    Jacksonville: George P. Kim 904-953-6460
                        
  10. Paired Bone Marrow Aspirations to Assess the Variability of Allo-ELISPOT and Allo-Specificities Assays in Sensitized Renal Allograft Recipients

    Rochester, Minn. View Summary

    Paired Bone Marrow Aspirations to Assess the Variability of Allo-ELISPOT and Allo-Specificities Assays in Sensitized Renal Allograft Recipients

    Location:

    Rochester, Minn.

    Trial status:

    Open for Enrollment

    Why is this study being done?

    The aim of this risk protocol is to determine the variability of the AlloElispot and Allospecificities assay. Our group has developed two novel assays to determine: 1) the number of donor-specific alloantibody (DSA) secreting bone marrow derived plasma cells (AlloELISPOT assay); and 2) the function of DSA-secreting Plasma cells (Allospecificities assay). These assays were developed over the past 3 years and already have provided an important means of testing new therapeutic protocols aimed at controlling DSA production. It is important to note that repeated attempts to isolate PCs from peripheral blood have been unsuccessful (PCs are extremely rare in peripheral blood) and the bone marrow is the only accessible source of PCs. It is now clear to that we have reached a point that we must validate these assays (coefficient of variation, etc), in order to appropriately evaluate data derived from these assays. Inter-assay variability can be assessed by performing two paired assays in the same patient. This could be done in two ways—paired bone marrow aspirations separated by time or two bone marrow aspirations performed at the same time. We have decided to pursue the latter approach. We will do both marrows either at the time of transplantation when the subjects are under general anesthesia or in the Clinical Research Unit (CRU) using conscious sedation.. We believe that this is safe and will be well-tolerated and will provide the data that we need to validate the assays.

    NCT ID:

    NCT01150487

    IRB Number:

    10-002572

    Who can I contact for additional information about this study?

    Rochester: Nong Yowe Braaten 507-538-9617
                        


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