Prospective Evaluation of the Clinical Utility of Budesonide for the Prevention of Esophageal Strictures After Endotherapy
Trial status: Open for Enrollment
Why is this study being done?
Esophageal stricture (ES) formation is a widely recognized adverse event of radical EMR and ESD. Indeed, ES is the most common complication of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for Barrett's esophagus (BE), with a reported incidence ranging from 5% to 12%. A single-center retrospective study reported ES formation in 67% of 73 patients with EMR of at least 50% of their esophageal circumference. Similarly, the incidence of ES development after ESD is between 70-90% when the mucosal defect involves more than three-quarters of the esophageal circumference. In aggregate, the extent of the esophageal mucosal defect following endotherapy appears to be the most consistent predictor of ES formation. Prevention of ES development following endotherapy can significantly improve a patient's quality of life and possibly reduce the potential risks and costs associated with treatment of ES with repeated endoscopic balloon dilations (EBD). Glucocorticoids have been evaluated as a potential preventive therapy for ES based on their anti-inflammatory properties and inhibitory effects on collagen deposition. Oral prednisolone has been shown to be effective as a preventive strategy for ES formation. However, prolonged use of systemic oral steroids can be associated with multiple adverse effects.
Budesonide is a synthetic steroid with topical anti-inflammatory properties and high first-pass metabolism; thus, potentially less systemic absorption and side effects. Most recently Mayo Clinic Rochester developed a new budesonide capsule formulation. Alike viscous budesonide the budesonide capsule can be opened and the powder can be mixed with honey or pancake syrup. A similar formulation is currently used in pilot studies for treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis. The advantage of budesonide capsule is the improve taste in comparison to viscous budesonide originating from budesonide respules which is unpalatable.
1. The aim of this study is to prospectively record our experience with budesonide for the prevention of esophageal stricture formation after endotherapy (mucosal resection, submucosal dissection) as part of routine medical care.
2. The data will be compared with outcomes with well-annotated historical controls that underwent similar procedure with similar follow up but without budesonide exposure.
3. If sufficient efficacy is seen, these data will be used to plan a prospective controlled clinical trial. All patients in the study group will receive standard medical care and no experimental interventions will be performed.
Who is eligible to participate?
- Age 18 years or older
- Diagnosis of esophageal lesion treated with ESD or EMR which involves ≥ 50% of the esophageal circumference.
- Locally advanced disease
- Prior esophageal surgery
- Participation in another research protocol that could interfere or influence the outcome measures of the present study.
- The subject or legal representative is unable/unwilling to give informed consent. (study group)
- Medications or conditions for which there is a contraindication to use of budesonide (see pharmacology section below)
- Concomitant use of systemic steroids or other immune suppressive medication for a different condition 9. Pregnant women