Regulation of the Plasma Triglyceride Extraction in Muscle in Insulin Resistance
Trial status: Open for Enrollment
Why is this study being done?
Increased accumulation of fat into the muscles is associated with what is called insulin-resistant state, which is a pre-diabetic state. The purpose of this research is to find out how fat circulating in the blood following fat consumption is taken up by the muscles in healthy people as well as people that are insulin-resistant. The investigators are specifically interested in how a hormone called insulin is involved in this process. Findings from this research will contribute to our understanding of why insulin-resistant people have increased accumulation of fat in their muscles, and ultimately help to design appropriate interventions to prevent type 2 Diabetes.
Who is eligible to participate?
- Body mass index (BMI): < 25 kg/m2 or > 30 kg/m2;
- Insulin sensitivity index (ISI): insulin-sensitive ISI ≥ 7, insulin-resistant ISI ≤ 5.
- Medication or supplements known to affect either endothelial function or lipid metabolism (i.e. arginine, protein, fish oil)
- Acute illness
- Uncontrolled metabolic disease, including liver or renal disease
- Atrial fibrillation, history of syncope, limiting or unstable angina, congestive heart failure, known or suspected right-to-left, bi-directional or transient right-to-left cardiac shunts
- Cardiac pacemaker or other medical device implanted in the body
- Pulmonary hypertension or other unstable cardiopulmonary conditions
- ECG documented abnormalities or valvular disease
- Low hemoglobin or hematocrit (i.e., lower than accepted laboratory values)
- History of hypertension or elevated blood pressure (systolic, >140 mmHg or a diastolic, >95 mmHg)
- History of hyperlipidemia or plasma triglyceride concentration >200 mg/dl
- Diagnosed diabetes, or 2-h plasma glucose >200 mg/dl during an oral glucose tolerance test
- Current participation in a weight-loss regimen, including extreme dietary practices
- Use of anabolic steroids or corticosteroids (within 3 months)