A Phase 1 Trial of Oncolytic Measles Virotherapy in Mesothelioma
Trial status: Open for Enrollment
Why is this study being done?
Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) for the intrapleural administration of a modified vaccine strain measles virus (MV) genetically engineered to produce human thyroidal sodium iodine symporter (NIS) (MV-NIS [oncolytic measles virus encoding thyroidal sodium iodide symporter])in patients with MPM.
Safety and toxicity of the repeated (up to 6 cycles) intrapleural administration of MV-NIS in patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma.
I. Time course of viral infection, dissemination and elimination by non-invasive measurements of NIS gene expression using radioactive iodine and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/ computed tomography (CT) imaging with.
II. Viremia, viral replication, and viral shedding following intrapleural administration.
III. Changes in humoral and cellular anti-MV immunity following the intrapleural administration of MV-NIS.
IV. Antitumor efficacy of this approach by serial measurements of radioiodine uptake by SPECT/CT, radiographic response, and time to disease progression.
V. Changes in both local and systemic innate and adaptive anti-tumor immunity following the intrapleural administration of MV-NIS.
VI. Effect of MV-NIS administration on the eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4F translation complex in mesothelioma cells.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.
Patients receive the oncolytic measles virus encoding thyroidal sodium iodide symporter (MV-NIS) intrapleurally. In the absence of unacceptable side effects or disease progression treatment can be repeated every 28 days for up to 6 courses.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 to 6 months for up to 5 years.
Who is eligible to participate?
- Diagnosis of MPM, confined to single pleural cavity, with histologic confirmation of the primary tumor
- Measurable disease per modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria for mesothelioma
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) 0, 1, or 2
- Ability to provide informed consent
- Willingness to return to Mayo Clinic Rochester or the University of Minnesota Cancer Center for follow up
- Life expectancy >= 12 weeks (in the opinion of the enrolling investigator)
- Willingness to provide the biologic specimens and participate in the SPECT/CT imaging as required by the protocol
- Presence of a pleural effusion with the ability to safely place an intrapleural catheter or have pre-existing intrapleural catheter
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/μL
- Platelet count >= 100,000/μL
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of institutional normal
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) =< 2 x upper limit of institutional normal
- Serum Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of institutional normal
- Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL
- Must be willing to implement contraception throughout study and for the 4 weeks following last viral administration
- Anti-measles immunity as demonstrated by serum IgG anti-measles antibody levels of ≥ 1.1 EU/ml as determined by BioPlex Measles IgG multiplex flow immunoassay.
- Hepatitis B and C negative
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) negative
- CD4 count >= 200/μL
- CT imaging review submission to confirm unilateral pleural involvement; this review for CT imaging is mandatory prior to registration to confirm eligibility; it should be initiated as soon as possible after pre-registration
- Negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of childbearing potential only
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:
- Active infection =< 5 days prior to pre-registration
- Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
- Symptomatic congestive heart failure New York Heart Association classification III or IV
- Symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD)
- Symptoms of CAD on systems review
- Cardiac arrhythmias
Any of the following therapies prior to pre-registration:
- Chemotherapy =< 4 weeks
- Immunotherapy =< 4 weeks
- Biologic therapy =< 4 weeks; Note exception: prior viral and/or gene therapy are exclusion criteria
- Radiotherapy =< 4 weeks Failure to fully recover from acute, reversible effects of prior anti-cancer therapy regardless of interval since last treatment; NOTE: patients must have fully recovered from all acute, reversible toxicities (defined as Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] 4.0 =< grade 1) associated with previous treatment
Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:
- Pregnant women
- Nursing women
- Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
- Any ancillary therapy considered investigational (utilized for a non-Food and Drug Administration [FDA] approved indication and in the context of a research investigation) or any other treatment specifically for treating the current malignancy
- Immunocompromised patients, including patients known to be HIV positive
- Other active malignancy =< 2 years prior to pre-registration; EXCEPTIONS: non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix
- History of organ transplantation
- Known hepatitis B or C
- Treatment with oral/systemic corticosteroids; NOTE: with the exception of topical or inhaled steroids
- Exposure to household contacts =<15 months old or household contact with a person with known immunodeficiency
- Allergy to measles vaccine or history of severe reaction to prior measles vaccination
- Allergy to iodine; NOTE: this does not include reactions to intravenous contrast materials
- History of tuberculosis or purified protein derivative (PPD) skin test positivity
- Inability or unwillingness to have pleural catheter placed
- Requiring ongoing blood product support at time of pre-registration