Epsilon Aminocaproic Acid (EACA) for the Reduction of Blood Loss in Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA)


Jacksonville, Fla., Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz.

Trial status:

Open for Enrollment

Why is this study being done?

The goal of this prospective randomized study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a drug, epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA), in reducing the frequency of postoperative blood transfusion following primary total hip arthroplasty. In our institution, up to 40% of patients with a preoperative of 13.5 g/dl or less undergoing total hip arthroplasty will require a blood transfusion. Fibrinolytic drugs such as EACA and tranexamic acid (TA) have been shown to decrease blood loss during surgery and decrease the likelihood of blood transfusion during postoperative hospitalization.. Both drugs decrease the body's ability to break down a blood clot, thus pushing the balance of blood clot formation and breakdown towards clot formation. This mechanism can decrease the amount of blood loss during and after a surgical procedure. The haemostatic effect of EACA has been investigated in multiple studies with the majority showing a positive effect on postoperative hemoglobin levels and decreased blood transfusion rates. Though several studies exist revealing the effective and safe use of perioperative TA, a similar drug to EACA, there is a paucity of information on the use of EACA in total joint arthroplasty.

Who is eligible to participate?

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Scheduled for a primary total hip arthroplasty to be performed at the Mayo Clinic 2. A preoperative hemoglobin between 10.0 and 13.5 Exclusion Criteria: 1. A preoperative hemoglobin less than 10.0 or greater than 13.5 2. Revision arthroplasty; 3. Arthroplasty performed for acute fracture 4. Inability to obtain informed consent; 5. Allergy to EACA 6. Pregnancy 7. History of coronary stenting < 6 months 8. Heart valve replacement; 9. Renal disease, 10. Coagulopathy, DIC, 11. embolic stroke

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