• Study type

  • Study IDs

  • Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:

    • Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
    • Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
    • Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
  • Site IRB
    • Rochester, Minnesota: 17-002171
    NCT ID: NCT03088033
    Sponsor Protocol Number: 1601

About this study

Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized Controlled, Blinded Trial, with a Non-implant Control group; 1:1 randomization.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

See eligibility criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic symptomatic Heart Failure (HF) documented by one or more of the following:
    • Symptoms of HF requiring current treatment with diuretics for > 30 days
    • NYHA class II with a history of > NYHA class II; NYHA class III, or ambulatory NYHA class IV symptoms (paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, orthopnea, dyspnea on mild or moderate exertion) at screening; or signs (any rales post cough, chest x-ray demonstrating pulmonary congestion,) within past 12 months; AND
    • > 1 HF hospital admission (with HF as the primary, or secondary diagnosis); or treatment with intravenous (IV), or intensification of oral diuresis for HF in a healthcare facility (emergency department/acute care facility), within the 12 months prior to study entry; OR an NT-pro BNP value > 150 pg./ml in normal sinus rhythm, > 450 pg./ml in atrial fibrillation, or a BNP value > 50 pg./ml in normal sinus rhythm, > 150 pg./ml in atrial fibrillation within the past 6 months.
  • Ongoing stable GDMT HF management and management of potential comorbidities according to the 2013 ACCF/AHA Guidelines for the management of Heart Failure (with no significant changes [>100% increase or 50% decrease], excluding diuretic dose change for a minimum of 4 weeks prior to screening) that is expected to be maintained without change for 6 months
  • Age > 40 years old, LV ejection fraction (EF) > 40% within the past 3 months, without previously documented EF <30% (within the past 5 years)
  • Elevated LA pressure with a gradient compared to right atrial pressure (RAP) documented by end-expiratory PCWP during supine ergometer exercise > 25mmHg, and greater than RAP by > 5 mmHg OR a > 10 mmHg increase of end-expiratory PCWP during supine ergometer exercise compared to resting PCWP, and greater than RAP by > 5 mmHg.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • MI and/or percutaneous cardiac intervention within past 3 months; CABG in past 3 months, or current indication for coronary revascularization; AVR (surgical AVR or TAVR) within the past 12 months.
  • Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy initiated within the past 6 months
  • Severe heart failure defined as one or more of the below:
    • ACC/AHA/ESC Stage D heart failure, non-ambulatory NYHA Class IV HF;
    • Cardiac index < 2.0 L/min/m2
    • Inotropic infusion (continuous or intermittent) for EF< 40% within the past 6 months
    • Patient is on the cardiac transplant waiting list
  • Inability to perform 6 minute walk test (distance < 50 m), OR 6 minute walk test > 600m
  • History of stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), or pulmonary emboli within the past 6 months
  • Presence of significant valve disease defined by the site cardiologist as:
    • Mitral valve regurgitation defined as grade > 3+ MR
    • Tricuspid valve regurgitation defined as grade > 2+ TR
    • Aortic valve disease defined as > 2+ AR or > moderate AS
  • Known clinically significant untreated carotid artery stenosis
  • Currently requiring dialysis; or estimated-GFR <25ml/min/1.73 m2 by CKD-Epi equation

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Barry Borlaug, M.D.

Open for enrollment

Contact information:

Diane Ryberg R.N.



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