Trametinib, Combination Chemotherapy, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage III Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

Overview

  • Study type

    Interventional
  • Study phase

    I
  • Study IDs

  • Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:

    • Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
    • Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
    • Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
  • During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.

  • Site IRB
    • Rochester, Minnesota: 15-004170
    NCT ID: NCT01912625
    Sponsor Protocol Number: 2012-1053

About this study

This phase I trial studies the side effects and the best dose of trametinib when given together with combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer that cannot be removed by surgery. Trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving trametinib, combination chemotherapy, and radiation therapy may be a better treatment for non-small cell lung cancer.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

See eligibility criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Must be histologically confirmed, newly diagnosed or recurrent from previously treated early stage lung cancers that are locally confined, non-small cell lung cancers  considered unresectable and for which chemoradiation will be considered definitive therapy
  • Recurrent cancer that is amendable for chemoradiation can be eligible only if patients with prior lobectomy for stage I cancer have not had adjuvant chemotherapy, and more than 8 weeks have elapsed from surgery to allow for wound healing
  • Cancer that recurs from prior X-ray therapy (XRT) or stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) will not be eligible
  • Must be measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as ≥ 20 mm with conventional techniques or as ≥ 10 mm with spiral CT scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
  • Prior thoracic radiation allowed only if there is minimal to no overlap with the treatment area estimated at the time of consultation, and there is no cumulative esophageal dose that exceeds more than 50% of the maximal acceptable dose tolerance
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status ≤ 1 (Karnofsky ≥ 70%)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 6 months
  • Able to swallow and retain orally-administered medication and there are no clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Platelets ≥ 100 x 10^9/L
  • Albumin ≥ 2.5 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x institutional ULN
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 mg/dL OR calculated creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault formula) ≥ 50 mL/min OR 24-hour urine creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min
  • Prothrombin time (PT)/international normalized ratio (INR) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) ≤ 1.5 x institutional ULN
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ institutional lower limit of normal (LLN) by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA)
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, during the study participation, and for four months after the last dose of the drug
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to registration 
    • should a woman become or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Ability to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent document
  • Activating Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) mutation (any G12, G13, Q61) confirmed by Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified testing
  • Availability of formalin-fixed paraffin embedded archival tissue from core biopsy of tumors is recommended for exploratory analysis

Exclusion Criteria

  • History of another malignancy
    • Exceptions are:
      • 3 years disease-free
      • Completely resected non-melanoma skin cancer
      • Indolent secondary malignancies
      • Consult the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) Medical Monitor if unsure whether second malignancies meet the requirements specified above
  • History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis
  • Any major surgery, extensive radiotherapy, chemotherapy with delayed toxicity, biologic therapy, or immunotherapy within 21 days prior to enrollment
  • Use of other investigational drugs within 28 days (or five half-lives, whichever is shorter; with a minimum of 14 days from the last dose) of the first dose of trametinib and during the study
  • Have a known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to
    • Trametinib, or excipients
    • Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) 
    • Carboplatin or paclitaxel
  • Current use of a prohibited medication
    • Other anti-cancer therapy while on study treatment
      • megestrol [Megace] if used as an appetite stimulant is allowed
    • Prophylactic use of bisphosphonates without bone disease is not permitted
      • Concurrent treatment with bisphosphonates is permitted but treatment must be initiated prior to the first dose of study therapy
    • Concurrent use of all herbal supplements is prohibited during the study including, but not limited to
      • St. John's wort
      • Kava
      • Ephedra [ma huang]
      • Gingko biloba
      • Dehydroepiandrosterone [DHEA]
      • Yohimbe
      • Saw palmetto
      • Ginseng
  • History or current evidence/risk of retinal vein occlusion (RVO)
  • History or evidence of cardiovascular risk including any of the following
    • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < LLN
    • A QT interval corrected for heart rate using the Bazett's formula corrected QT (QTcB) ≥ 480 msec
    • History or evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias (exception: patients with controlled atrial fibrillation for > 30 days prior to registration are eligible)
    • History of acute coronary syndromes within 6 months prior to registration including
      • Myocardial infarction
      • Unstable angina
      • Coronary angioplasty
      • Stenting 
    • History or evidence of current ≥ class II congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system
    • Treatment-refractory hypertension defined as a blood pressure of systolic > 140 mmHg and/or diastolic > 90 mmHg which cannot be controlled by anti-hypertensive therapy
    • Known cardiac metastases
  • Known hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection (chronic or cleared HBV and HCV infection are eligible) 
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is not eligible if on anti-retroviral medications
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to
    • Ongoing or active infection
    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
    • Psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women or nursing mothers
  • Women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid pregnancy and use effective methods of contraception
  • Men with a female partner of childbearing potential must have either had a prior vasectomy or agree to use effective contraception
  • If a female patient or a female partner of a patient becomes pregnant while the patient receives trametinib, the potential hazard to the fetus should be explained to the patient and partner (as applicable)
  • Patients who do not consent for pharmacokinetic studies to be performed (alternatively: patients who initially consent to be on study but withdraws consent for pharmacokinetic study will be taken off study and replaced)

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Aaron Mansfield, M.D.

Open for enrollment

Contact information:

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

855-776-0015

.
CLS-20317354

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