Direct Anterior vs. Anterolateral Approach for Hip Arthroplasty After Femoral Neck Fracture in the Senior Population

Overview

  • Study type

    Interventional
  • Study IDs

  • Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:

    • Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
    • Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
    • Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
  • Site IRB
    • Rochester, Minnesota: 16-003695
    NCT ID: NCT02959320
    Sponsor Protocol Number: 16-003695

About this study

Displaced femoral neck fractures are one group of hip fracture patients that are commonly treated with cemented hemiarthroplasty (HA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). In the elective hip arthroplasty population, the direct anterior approach (DAA) has shown to be effective in helping patients to quickly obtain high postoperative function. This approach has also been shown to be effective in arthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures in a few studies. However, the only studies that directly compare two approaches for hip arthroplasty for femoral neck fractures utilize the anterolateral approach (ALA) versus posterior approach (PA) or DAA versus PA. No studies of which we are aware directly compare the DAA to the ALA. The DAA and ALA are the two most popular approaches for bipolar hemiarthroplasty at our institution, so we are setting out to determine the differences between them.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

See eligibility criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Isolated displaced femoral neck fracture (AO type 31-B2 and 31 B3)
  • Age≥65 years
  • Preinjury ambulation with or without a gait aid
  • Surgical intervention ≤ 48 hours after fracture.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age <65 years
  • Patients with other fractures or dislocations
  • Wheelchair bound
  • >48 hours between fracture and surgery, presence or history of infection, active metastatic disease, previous ipsilateral hip prosthesis
  • Active major psychiatric illness
  • Active drug or alcohol abuse
  • BMI >40, and actively failing contralateral hip prosthesis.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

William Cross, M.D.

Open for enrollment

Contact information:

William Cross M.D.

(507)284-8817