A Randomized, Double-blind, Phase 3 Efficacy Trial of PROSTVAC-V/F +/- GM-CSF in Men With Asymptomatic or Minimally Symptomatic Metastatic Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Overview

  • Study type

    Interventional
  • Study phase

    III
  • Study IDs

  • Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:

    • Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
    • Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
    • Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
  • During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.

  • Site IRB
    • Rochester, Minnesota: 12-004692
    NCT ID: NCT01322490
    Sponsor Protocol Number: BNIT-PRV-301

About this study

The purpose of this study is to determine whether PROSTVAC alone or in combination with GM-CSF is effective in prolonging overall survival in men with few or no symptoms from metastatic, castrate-resistant prostate cancer.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

See eligibility criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Men, ≥18years of age with documented asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.

Documented progressive disease post surgical castration or during androgen suppression therapy, or during complete androgen blockade therapy and withdrawal. Documented by either criterion a (Radiological progression), OR criterion b (PSA progression).

  1. Radiological progression defined as any new/enlarging bone metastases or new/enlarging lymph node disease, consistent with prostate cancer.

    OR

  2. PSA progression defined by sequence of rising values separated by > 1 week (2 separate increasing values) over a threshold minimum of 2.0 ng/ml. (PCWG2 PSA eligibility criteria).

Chemotherapy naïve and Vaccinia-experienced (previous smallpox vaccination). Currently using a GnRH agonist or antagonist (unless surgically castrated).

Exclusion Criteria:

Cancer-related pain requiring scheduled opioid narcotics for control (as needed, ≤ 2x per week is allowed).

Metastasis to organ systems other than lymph nodes and/or bone. Estimated PSA doubling time of <1 month as established within 6 months of the anticipated first dose of vaccine or placebo.

Concurrent or prior Provenge (sipuleucel-T) immunotherapy for prostate cancer. Receipt of an investigational agent within 30 days (or 60 days for an antibody-based therapy) of the first planned dose of PROSTVAC-V/F.

History of prior malignancies other than prostate cancer within the past 3 years, excluding successfully resected basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.

Congestive heart failure (NYHA Class II, III, or IV), unstable angina, ventricular or hemodynamically significant atrial arrhythmia, or cardiovascular disease such as stroke or myocardial infarction (current or within the past 6 months) Confirmed positive for HIV, hepatitis B, and /or hepatitis C. Immunodeficiency or splenectomy. History of or active autoimmune disease, persons with vitiligo are not excluded. Diabetics are not excluded if the condition is well controlled.

History of atopic dermatitis or active skin condition (acute, chronic, exfoliative) that disrupts the epidermis.

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

R Karnes, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

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CLS-20209368

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