A Study of Crenezumab in Participants With Mild to Moderate Alzheimer Disease
Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:
- Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
- Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
- Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.
- Scottsdale/Phoenix, Arizona: 14-009298
NCT ID: NCT02353598
Sponsor Protocol Number: GN29632
About this study
This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-arm study will evaluate the safety and tolerability of at least two dose levels of intravenous (IV) crenezumab in 24-72 participants with mild to moderate Alzheimer disease (AD) (mini-mental state examination [MMSE] 18 to 28 points, inclusive). An optional open-label extension (OLE) will be offered after the completion of initial double-blind stage.
Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.See eligibility criteria
- Body weight greater than or equal (>/=) 45 kilograms (kg) and less than or equal (=) 120 kg
- Ages 50-90 years, inclusive
- Availability of a person ("caregiver") who, in the investigator's judgment, has frequent and sufficient contact with the participant and is able to provide accurate information regarding the participant's cognitive and functional abilities, agrees to provide information at clinic visits, which require partner input for scale completion, and signs the necessary consent form
- Willingness and ability to complete all aspects of the study; the participant should be capable of completing assessments either alone or with the help of the caregiver
- Adequate visual and auditory acuity, in the investigator's judgment, sufficient to perform the neuropsychological testing
- Clinical diagnosis of probable mild to moderate AD based on the national institute on neurological and communication disease and stroke/Alzheimer's disease and related disorders association (NINCDS/ADRDA) criteria or probable major neurocognitive disorder due to AD of mild to moderate severity based on diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, version 5 (DSM-5) criteria
- Screening MMSE score of 18-28 points, inclusive
- Screening clinical dementia rating global score (CDR-GS) of 0.5 or 1.0
- Screening geriatric depression (GDS)-15 score less than (<) 6
- Positive florbetapir amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) scan by qualitative read conducted by the core/central PET laboratory
- Women must be postmenopausal or surgically sterile
- Men with female partners of childbearing potential agree to remain abstinent or use adequate methods of contraception as defined by protocol during the treatment period and for at least 8 weeks after the last dose of study drug and agreement to refrain from donating sperm during this same period
- History or presence of clinically evident vascular disease potentially affecting the brain that, in the opinion of the investigator, has the potential to affect cognitive function
- History or presence of stroke within the previous 2 years or documented history of transient ischemic attack within the previous 12 months
- History of severe, clinically significant central nervous system trauma
- History or presence of intracranial tumor that is clinically relevant in the opinion of the investigator
- Presence of infections that affect brain function or history of infections that resulted in neurologic sequelae
- History or presence of systemic autoimmune disorders potentially causing progressive neurologic disease with associated cognitive deficits
- History or presence of a neurologic disease other than AD that may affect cognition
- Presence of superficial siderosis, more than four cerebral microhemorrhages, or evidence of a prior cerebral macrohemorrhage
- Inability to tolerate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedures or contraindication to MRI
- History or presence of atrial fibrillation except if only one episode that resolved more than 1 year ago and for which treatment is no longer indicated or that in the investigator's judgment poses no risk for future stroke
- Within the previous 2 years, unstable or clinically significant cardiovascular disease
- Uncontrolled hypertension
- Chronic kidney disease of Stage >/= 4, according to the national kidney foundation kidney disease outcomes quality initiative (NKF KDOQI) guidelines for chronic kidney disease
- Impaired hepatic function
- Clinically significantly abnormal screening blood or urine that remain abnormal on retest
- History of malignancies within 5 years prior to screening, except for appropriately treated carcinoma in situ of the cervix, non-melanoma skin carcinoma, or Stage I uterine cancer; cancer that is considered likely to be cured, is not being actively treated with anti-cancer therapy or radiotherapy and not likely to require treatment in the ensuing 5 years as well as cancers that are considered to have low probability of recurrence are allowed
- Known history of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric, human, or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
- Severe or unstable medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator or sponsor, could be expected to progress, recur, or change to such an extent that it could put the patient at special risk, bias the assessment of the clinical or mental status of the patient to a significant degree, interfere with the patient's ability to complete the study assessments, or would require the equivalent of institutional or hospital care
- Any previous treatment with medications used to treat Parkinsonian symptoms or any other neurodegenerative disorder within 1 year before screening even if the patient is taking the medicine for a non-neurodegenerative disorder such as restless leg disorder
- Typical anti-psychotic or neuroleptic medication within 6 months before screening except as brief treatment for a non-psychiatric indication
- Antihemostasis medication within 2 weeks before screening
- Sedative, hypnotic, or benzodiazepine medication within 3 months before screening except intermittent use of the following for sleep or anxiety: alprazolam, lorazepam, oxazepam, temazepam, diazepam, or a short-acting benzodiazepine-like medication
Participating Mayo Clinic locations
Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.
|Mayo Clinic Location
Mayo Clinic principal investigator
Bryan Woodruff, M.D.
Closed for enrollment