Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:
- Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
- Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
- Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.
- Rochester, Minnesota: 13-000150
Sponsor Protocol Number: RDCRN 6405
About this study
Primary hyperoxaluria is an inborn error of metabolism that results in marked overproduction of oxalate by the liver. The excess oxalate causes kidney failure and can cause severe systemic disease due to oxalate deposition in multiple body tissues.
Metabolic pathways that lead to oxalate are poorly understood, but recent evidence suggests that hydroxyproline may play a role. Sources of hydroxyproline include the diet and bone turnover. If hydroxyproline can be confirmed as a signficant factor in primary hyperoxaluria, diet modification might be of value in reducing the severity of disease.
This protocol, in which hydroxyproline labelled with a cold isotope is infused intravenously in patients with primary hyperoxaluria, will allow us to measure the amount of oxalate produced from hydroxyproline. The contribution of hydroxyproline metabolism to the amount of oxalate excreted in urine in will be able to be determined for patients with each of the known types of primary hyperoxaluria.