Assessment of Myocardial Tissue Damage in Aortic Stenosis
Study type: Observational What is this?
Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:
- Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
- Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
- Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
- Scottsdale/Phoenix, Arizona: 13-004385
NCT ID: NCT02101619
Sponsor Protocol Number: 13-004385
About this study
Aortic stenosis (AS) is the most common valve disease in the United States and most common indication for valve replacement surgery. Anatomical and hemodynamic severity of AS is insufficient for elucidating patients' prognosis. Therefore, the decision about the optimal timing of surgical intervention remains critical. However, the changes in structure and electrical activity of the cardiac muscle can be assessed by noninvasive imaging and electrocardiography (ECG). Degenerative myocardial changes characterized by fibrosis or collagen deposits are frequently observed in AS patients and have a negative impact on patient outcomes. In this project, our objective is to determine whether echocardiographic image analysis of integrated backscatter (IB), which can express changes in myocardial tissue composition (amount of fibrosis) based on its ultrasound reflectivity, global left ventricular (LV) load as measured by Zva, and ECG analysis of the duration of the QRS interval have a role in risk stratification for AS patients and to apply those methods to identify which patients would benefit from surgical intervention.
The investigators hypothesize that:
- The severity of myocardial damage can discriminate the prognosis in patients with AS, and
- IB, Zva, and QRS interval can be diagnostic measures of the severity of myocardial damage.
The investigators will measure the severity of myocardial fibrosis using MRI (reference) in 50 patients and will test the diagnostic significance of IB (testing method). Zva, QRS duration, and conventional echocardiographic measures will also be tested for diagnosing severity of myocardial fibrosis.
Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.
See eligibility criteria
- Moderate or severe aortic stenosis determined by echocardiography
- Adults > 65 years old
- Ejection fraction < 50%
- Valvular diseases of more than or equal to moderate degree other than aortic stenosis
- Prior myocardial infarction or coronary artery disease needs revascularization
- Atrial fibrillation (chronic)
- Pacemaker/defibrillator implanted
- Previous valve replacement performed
- Cardiomyopathy(HCM, infiltrative cardiomyopathy, constriction)
- Renal dysfunction (estimated GFR < 30ml/min/1.73m² or end stage renal failure)
- Patients with contraindication for MRI
- Patients with poor echocardiographic images
Participating Mayo Clinic locations
Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.