S0820, Adenoma and Second Primary Prevention Trial

  • Study type:

    Interventional What is this?

    Describes the nature of a clinical study. Types include:

    • Observational study — observes people and measures outcomes without affecting results.
    • Interventional study (clinical trial) — studies new tests, treatments, drugs, surgical procedures or devices.
    • Medical records research — uses historical information collected from medical records of large groups of people to study how diseases progress and which treatments and surgeries work best.
  • Study phase:

    III What is this?

    During the early phases (phases 1 and 2), researchers assess safety, side effects, optimal dosages and risks/benefits. In the later phase (phase 3), researchers study whether the treatment works better than the current standard therapy. They also compare the safety of the new treatment with that of current treatments. Phase 3 trials include large numbers of people to make sure that the result is valid. There are also less common very early (phase 0) and later (phase 4) phases. Phase 0 trials are small trials that help researchers decide if a new agent should be tested in a phase 1 trial. Phase 4 trials look at long-term safety and effectiveness, after a new treatment has been approved and is on the market.

Study IDs

  • Site IRB:

    • Rochester, Minnesota: 13-003639
  • NCT ID:

    NCT01349881
  • Sponsor Protocol Number:

    S0820

About this study

The investigators hypothesize that the combination of eflornithine and sulindac will be effective in reducing a three-year event rate of adenomas and second primary colorectal cancers in patients previously treated for Stages 0 through III colon cancer.

Participation eligibility

Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.

See eligibility criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • History of Stage 0-III colon cancer with primary resection 1 year previously
  • Patients with rectosigmoid cancers eligible if no RT administered
  • One-year post-operative colonoscopy and CT scans of chest, abdomen & pelvis showing no evidence of disease
  • Low risk or moderate risk of cardiovascular events
  • At least 30 days from completion of adjuvant chemo.
  • Presence of gastroesophageal reflux disease acceptable if controlled with medications
  • Not receiving or planning to receive concomitant corticosteroids,nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs), nor anticoagulants. Maximum aspirin dose
    • 100 mg per day or ≤ two 325 mg tablets per week.
  • Able to swallow oral medications
  • Laboratory: WBC ≥ 4.0 x 103/mcL, platelets ≥ 100,000/mcL and hemoglobin > 11.0 g/dL. Serum bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dL and AST (SGOT) or ALT(SGPT) ≤ 2 x IULN. Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x IULN
  • Zubrod PS 0-1, 18 years of age or older
  • Will not participate in any other clinical trial for the treatment or prevention of cancer unless off protocol treatment, on follow-up phase only
  • Offered opportunity to participate in blood specimen banking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of colon resection > 40 cm
  • Mid-low rectal cancer
  • Recurrent or metastatic disease
  • High cardiovascular risk; Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Planned radiation therapy or additional chemotherapy
  • Documented history of gastric/duodenal ulcer within last 12 months and/or current treatment or active symptoms of gastric/duodenal ulcer
  • Known history of familial adenomatous polyposis, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, or inflammatory bowel disease
  • ≥ 20 dB uncorrectable hearing loss for age of any two contiguous frequencies on prestudy audiogram
  • Known hypersensitivity to sulindac or excipient byproducts. Previous asthma, urticaria, or allergic-type reaction to aspirin or other NSAIDs
  • Significant medical or psychiatric condition that would preclude study completion (8 years)
  • No other prior malignancy except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or other cancer for which the patient has been disease-free for > 5 years
  • Pregnant or nursing women. Women/men of reproductive potential must agree to use effective contraception

Participating Mayo Clinic locations

Study statuses change often. Please contact us for help.

Mayo Clinic Location Status Contact

Rochester, Minn.

Mayo Clinic principal investigator

Frank Sinicrope, M.D.

Closed for enrollment

Cancer Center Clinical Trials Referral Office

855-776-0015