Phase II Study of LCL161 Alone and in Combination With Cyclophosphamide in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma.
Rochester, Minn., Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz.
Trial status: Open for Enrollment
Why is this study being done?
I. To evaluate the confirmed overall response rate (>= partial response [PR]) to LCL161, used as a single agent, in patients with relapsed multiple myeloma (MM).
I. To estimate the confirmed overall response rate to LCL161 in combination with cyclophosphamide, when cyclophosphamide is added to LCL161 for lack of response or progression.
II. To estimate the overall survival and event-free survival of patients treated with LCL161 in combination with cyclophosphamide, when cyclophosphamide is added to LCL161 for lack of response or progression.
III. To evaluate the tolerability of LCL161 alone and in combination with cyclophosphamide in patients with relapsed MM.
I. To determine degradation of cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein-1 (cIAP1) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), changes in serum cytokines, and changes in immune cell subsets by flow cytometry.
II. To correlate the effect of LCL161 with the presence of activating mutations of the nuclear factor kappa beta (NFKB) pathway.
III. To evaluate the pharmacokinetics (PK) of LCL161 alone, and LCL161 in combination with cyclophosphamide.
Patients receive LCL161 orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Patients lacking a minor response by end of course 2 or partial response by end of course 4 also receive cyclophosphamide PO QD on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 1 year.
Who is eligible to participate?
- Relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma and has already received =< 4 standard treatment regimens; note: Induction, transplant, consolidation, and maintenance is considered one regimen
- Have received prior therapy with an immunomodulatory agent, a proteosome inhibitor, and glucocorticoids
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/μL
- Untransfused platelet count >= 75,000/μL
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x ULN
- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dL
- Serum creatinine =< 2.5 mg/dL
- Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL
- Measurable disease of multiple myeloma as defined by at least ONE of the following:
- Serum monoclonal protein >= 1.0 g/dL
- >= 200 mg of monoclonal protein in the urine on 24 hour electrophoresis
- Serum immunoglobulin free light chain >= 10 mg/dL AND abnormal serum immunoglobulin kappa to lambda free light chain ratio
- Monoclonal plasmacytosis >= 30% (evaluable disease)
- Measurable plasmacytoma that has not been radiated
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1, 2
- Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan and laboratory tests
- Able to swallow and retain oral medication
- Provide informed written consent
- Negative serum pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration
- Willing to provide all biological specimens as required by the protocol for correlative research purposes
- Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)
- Willing to participate in associated biological specimen banking study
- Prior use of investigational drugs =< 14 days prior to registration
- Prior use of growth factors =< 14 days prior to registration
- Prior radiation therapy =< 14 days prior to registration
- Prior autologous stem cell transplant =< 12 weeks prior to registration
- Any of the following:
- Pregnant women
- Nursing women
- Women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception while receiving treatment on this study and for 4 months after stopping treatment on this study
- Men who are unwilling to use a condom (even if they have undergone a prior vasectomy) while having intercourse with any woman, while receiving treatment on this study and for 4 months after stopping treatment on this study
- Prior allogeneic transplant of any kind
- Known active infection requiring parenteral or oral anti-infective treatment
- Serious psychiatric illness, active alcoholism, or drug addiction that may hinder or confuse follow-up evaluation
- Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or active hepatitis B or C viral infection
- Active autoimmune/inflammatory conditions requiring ongoing immunosuppressive therapy
- Use of more than low dose corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone up to but no more than 10 mg PO QD or its equivalent). Doses of corticosteroid should be stable for at least 7 days prior to registration
- Any concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical conditions that could increase the patient's risk for toxicity
- Impaired cardiac function or clinically significant cardiac diseases.
- Currently receiving treatment with agents that are metabolized solely through cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4/5 (CYP3A4/5) and have a narrow therapeutic index or are strong cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 8 (CYP2C8) inhibitors; or are receiving treatment with agents that carry a risk for QT prolongation and are CYP3A substrates; caution should be used in patients taking other CYP2C8- or CYP3A4/5-interacting agents
- Impaired gastrointestinal (GI) function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of LCL161