Chemotherapy Based on PET Scan in Treating Patients With Stage I or Stage II Hodgkin Lymphoma
Trial status: Open for Enrollment
Why is this study being done?
- To evaluate the progression-free survival (PFS) at 36 months following registration for patients who are positron emission tomography (PET) negative after 2 courses of chemotherapy, and receive 4 additional courses of doxorubicin hydrochloride, bleomycin sulfate, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) followed by involved-nodal radiotherapy [INRT] of 30-30.6 Gy.
- To evaluate the PET-negative rate after 2 courses of ABVD chemotherapy in patients with stage I/II Hodgkin lymphoma with bulky mediastinal disease.
- To evaluate the PFS at 36 months for patients who are PET positive after 2 courses of chemotherapy and receive 4 courses of escalated bleomycin sulfate, etoposide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, vincristine sulfate, procarbazine hydrochloride, and prednisone (BEACOPP) followed by INRT of 30-30.6 Gy.
- To evaluate the complete response (CR) rate and overall survival (OS) for PET-positive and PET-negative patients after 2 courses of ABVD.
- To identify sites of relapse following combined-modality therapy (CMT) for patients with large mediastinal adenopathy and correlate with RT fields.
- To assess toxicity on both arms of study.
- To assess reproductive function at baseline and at 3 years after ABVD or escalated BEACOPP with specific serum markers.
- To bank serum and plasma at baseline and selected time points to assess the prognostic value of various markers such as, but not limited to, SCD30, IL10, CCL17, CCL22, and MDC.
- To create tissue microarrays (TMAs) from patient tumor blocks for future biomarker assessment including, but not limited to, bcl-2, FOXP3, and macrophage content.
- To measure serum TARC levels pre-treatment and post two courses of ABVD and correlate with PET-CT findings (performed at same time points) and 3 year PFS.
- To assess the predictive value of fludeoxyglucose F 18 (18FDG) uptake, as measured by semi-quantitative measurements including standard uptake variables (SUVs), with respect to response at the end of chemotherapy and PFS.
- To compare the predictive value for response and PFS of FDG uptake alone to that of FDG uptake in combination with CT size change information.
- To compare the predictive value for response and PFS of FDG uptake alone to that of FDG uptake in combination with available serum and tissue molecular biomarkers.
- To compare the results of the secondary imaging objectives with the corresponding CALGB 50801 results (contingent on reaching agreement with CALGB on the combined analysis of the two studies).
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Induction ABVD chemotherapy: Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, bleomycin sulfate IV, vinblastine IV over 3-5 minutes, and dacarbazine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients are then assigned to an intervention arm according to fludeoxyglucose F 18 (18 FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) results (negative vs positive).
- ABVD (18FDG-PET/CT negative): Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride, bleomycin sulfate, vinblastine, and dacarbazine as in induction chemotherapy. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Within 3-6 weeks after completion of chemotherapy, patients undergo involved-node radiotherapy (INRT) 5 days a week for approximately 3½ weeks.
- Escalated or standard BEACOPP* (18FDG-PET/CT positive): Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV and cyclophosphamide IV over 60 minutes on day 1, etoposide IV over 60 minutes on days 1-3, procarbazine hydrochloride orally (PO) on days 1-7, prednisone PO on days 1-14, and bleomycin sulfate IV and vincristine sulfate IV on day 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Within 3-6 weeks after completion of chemotherapy, patients who achieve complete response with a negative 18FDG-PET/CT scan undergo INRT 5 days a week for approximately 3½ weeks.
NOTE: *HIV-positive patients whose 18FDG-PET/CT scans are positive after two courses of induction ABVD receive 4 courses of standard BEACOPP followed by INRT.
Patients undergo 18FDG-PET scans at baseline, and within 8-10 days after 2 courses of ABVD induction chemotherapy. Patients also undergo 18FDG-PET/CT** scan within 3-8 weeks after completion of 4 courses of BEACOPP and 6 courses of ABVD, and 3 months after completion of INRT.
NOTE: **If PET/CT remains positive, then a biopsy may be performed if medically appropriate or clinically feasible at the discretion of the treating physician. If biopsy is positive, patients will be followed for survival and secondary malignancies or new primaries.
Patients may undergo blood sample collection for correlative studies.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually for up to 10 years.
Who is eligible to participate?
- Histologically proven classical Hodgkin lymphoma subclassified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumors, 4th edition (2008)
- Nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma is excluded
- Patients must have clinical stage IA, IB, IIA, or IIB disease
- Patients with "E" extensions will be eligible if all other criteria have been met
- Patients must have a mediastinal mass > 0.33-cm maximum intrathoracic diameter on standing postero-anterior chest x-ray or measuring > 10 cm in its largest diameter on axial CT images
- Bone marrow biopsy is required
- ECOG performance status 0-2
- ANC ≥ 1,000/μL
- Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL
- Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL
- Serum creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dL
- Direct bilirubin ≤ 2 mg/dL
- AST/ALT ≤ 2 times upper limit of normal
- Not pregnant or nursing
- Negative pregnancy test
- Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to use an accepted and effective method of contraception
- No "currently active" second malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers
- Patients are not considered to have a "currently active" malignancy if they have completed therapy and are considered by their physician to be at less than 30% risk of relapse
- LVEF by ECHO or MUGA normal unless thought to be disease related
- DLCO ≥ 60% with no symptomatic pulmonary disease unless thought to be disease related
- Patients with a history of intravenous drug abuse, or any behavior associated with an increased risk of HIV infection, should be tested for exposure to the HIV virus, and an HIV test is required for entry on this protocol
- HIV-positive patients are eligible if they have CD4 counts ≥ 400/mm³ and are on concurrent antiretrovirals
- Patient HIV status must be known prior to registration
- HIV-positive patients must not have multi-drug resistant HIV infections; CD4 counts < 400/mm³; or other concurrent AIDS-defining conditions
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
- No prior treatment (chemotherapy or radiation therapy) for Hodgkin lymphoma
- Concurrent antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients (CD4 counts ≥ 400/mm³) allowed