Molecular Regulation of Muscle Glucose Metabolism
Trial status: Open for Enrollment
Why is this study being done?
This protocol involves performance of a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp with 2 muscle biopsies and an exercise study with a muscle biopsy.
Who is eligible to participate?
1. Subjects must be able to communicate meaningfully with the investigator and must be legally competent to provide written informed consent.
2. Subjects may be of either sex, age as described in each protocol. Female subjects must be non-lactating and must either be at least two years post-menopausal, (if diabetic or obese) or be using adequate contraceptive precautions (i.e. oral contraceptives, approved hormonal implant, intrauterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, condom with spermicide), or be surgically sterilized (i.e. bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy). Female patients (except for those patients who have undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy) are eligible only if they have a negative pregnancy test throughout the study period.
3. Subjects must range in age as described in each specific protocol.
4. All nondiabetic subjects must have normal oral glucose tolerance.
5. Subjects must have the following laboratory values:
Hematocrit ≥ 35 vol% Serum creatinine ≤ 1.6 mg/dl AST (SGOT) < 2 times upper limit of normal ALT (SGPT) < 2 times upper limit of normal Alkaline phosphatase < 2 times upper limit of normal Triglycerides < 150 mg/dl. PT 11.7 -14.3 (During Liposyn/heparin infusion, PT will be determined to insure that it is < 1.5-2.0 times the normal value.) PTT 23.0-37.0.
1. Subjects must not be receiving any of the following medications: thiazide or furosemide diuretics, beta-blockers, or other chronic medications with known adverse effects on glucose tolerance levels unless the patient has been on stable dose of such agents for the past three months before entry into the study. Subjects may be taking a stable dose of estrogens or other hormonal replacement therapy, if the subject has been on these agents for the prior three months. Subjects taking systemic glucocorticoids are excluded.
2. Subjects with a history of clinically significant heart disease (New York Heart Classification greater than grade II; more than non-specific ST-T wave changes on the EKG), peripheral vascular disease (history of claudication), or pulmonary disease (dyspnea on exertion of one flight or less; abnormal breath sounds on auscultation) will not be studied.
3. Recent systemic or pulmonary embolus, untreated high-risk proliferative retinopathy, recent retinal hemorrhage, uncontrolled hypertension, systolic BP > 180, diastolic BP > 105, autonomic neuropathy, resting heart rate > 100, electrolyte abnormalities.