Curriculum

Mayo Clinic anatomic pathologists and residents reviewing specimens with microscopes

Clinical training

Our curriculum is designed to provide complete training in all major areas of anatomic and/or clinical pathology while remaining flexible enough to accommodate diverse career goals in academics, community practice or other settings.

Anatomic pathology and clinical pathology rotations are integrated throughout the four-year curriculum to allow continuous exposure to both anatomic pathology and laboratory medicine.

Residents gain experience in all aspects of anatomic and clinical pathology, including:

  • General surgical pathology
  • Subspecialty areas of surgical pathology, such as bone and soft tissue, gastrointestinal, hepatobiliary, pulmonary, breast, gynecologic, genitourinary, renal, head and neck, cardiovascular, ophthalmic, neuropathology, and dermatopathology
  • Postmortem examinations, including hospital and forensic cases
  • Cytopathology
  • Molecular pathology
  • Hematopathology
  • Coagulation
  • Transfusion medicine
  • Clinical chemistry
  • Microbiology
  • Cytogenetics
  • Laboratory management

For the Physician-Scientist Research track, an anatomic pathology (AP)-only curriculum is built on the same model with a focus on anatomic pathology while still providing education in fields such as hematopathology, cytogenetics and molecular pathology. A clinical pathology (CP)-only curriculum features extended rotations through the core CP curriculum areas and a generous amount of elective time. For combined AP/CP residents, up to six months of elective time may be devoted to research.

Rotation schedule

Anatomic pathology and clinical pathology (1 block is 4 weeks)

A typical AP/CP residency rotation schedule includes:

Year 1 Blocks
Frozen section lab 4 blocks
Autopsy pathology 2 blocks
Cytology I 1 block
Gastrointestinal pathology 1 block
Microbiology 2 blocks
Medical pathology 1 block
Coagulation 1 block
Dermatopathology 1 block
Year 2 Blocks
Frozen section lab 3 blocks
XRSR biopsy 2 blocks
Hematopathology I 2 blocks
Transfusion medicine 3 blocks
Cytogenetics 1 block
Clinical chemistry 1 block
Elective 1 block
Year 3 Blocks
Transfusion medicine 1 block
Autopsy 2 blocks
Clinical chemistry 2 blocks
Molecular genetics 2 blocks
Hematopathology II 2 blocks
Cytology II 1 block
Frozen section lab 1 block
Lymph node pathology 1 block
Elective 1 block
Year 4 Blocks
Neuropathology 1 block
Cytology III 1 block
Frozen section lab fellow 1 block
Non-directed consult fellow 1 block
Mayo Clinic 3 fellow 1 block
Hormone receptor prognostic (HRP) 0.25 block
Elective 7.75 blocks

Anatomic pathology and neuropathology (1 block is 4 weeks)

A typical AP/NP residency rotation schedule includes:

Year 1 Blocks
Frozen section lab 3 blocks
Autopsy pathology 2 blocks
Medical pathology 1 block
Molecular genetics 2 blocks
Cytology I 1 block
Dermatopathology 1 block
Gastrointestinal pathology 1 block
Microbiology (infectious disease pathology) 1 block
Elective 1 block
Year 2 Blocks
Frozen section lab 3 blocks
XRSR biopsy 1 block
Autopsy pathology 2 blocks
Cytogenetics 1 block
Cytology II 1 block
Hematopathology I 1 block
Lymph node pathology 1 block
Elective 3 blocks
Year 3 and Year 4
Neuropathology Fellowship curriculum

Anatomic pathology only (1 block is 4 weeks)

A typical AP-only residency rotation schedule includes:

Year 1 Blocks
Frozen section lab 4 blocks
Autopsy pathology 2 blocks
Cytogenetics 1 block
Cytology I 1 block
Dermatopathology 1 block
Gastrointestinal pathology 1 block
Medical pathology 1 block
Elective 2 blocks
Year 2 Blocks
Frozen section lab 3 blocks
Molecular genetics 2 blocks
XRSR biopsy 2 blocks
Autopsy pathology 2 blocks
Cytology II 1 block
Hematopathology I 1 block
Lymph node pathology 1 block
Elective 1 block
Year 3 Blocks
Cytology III 1 block
Frozen section lab 1 block
Frozen section lab fellow 1 block
Mayo Clinic 3 fellow 1 block
Neuropathology 1 block
Non-directed consult fellow 1 block
Hormone receptor prognostic (HRP) 0.25 block
Elective 6.75 blocks

Clinical pathology only (1 block is 4 weeks)

A typical CP-only residency rotation schedule includes:

Year 1 Blocks
Microbiology 3 blocks
Molecular genetics 3 blocks
Hematopathology 2 blocks
Coagulation 2 blocks
Clinical chemistry 1 block
Cytogenetics 1 block
Transfusion medicine 1 block
Year 2 Blocks
Clinical chemistry 3 blocks
Transfusion medicine 3 blocks
Hematopathology 2 blocks
Lab directorship 1 block
Microbiology 1 block
Elective 3 blocks
Year 3 Blocks
Clinical chemistry 1 block
Lymph node pathology 1 block
Lab directorship 1 block
Transfusion medicine 1 block
Elective 9 blocks

Rotation descriptions

Learn more about our rotations.

Mayo Clinic anatomic pathologist handling specimens in laboratory

Call frequency

Residents take weekend autopsy call, transfusion medicine call and chemistry call. Weekend autopsy rotations begin in the first year during your scheduled autopsy blocks. Transfusion medicine and clinical chemistry call consists of after-hours at-home pager call one week at a time, as well as day call during assigned rotations. There is no frozen section call.

Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science follows the recommendations of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME).

Research training

Residents may choose to engage in basic, translational or clinical research depending on the level of their interest, research background, and time availability. Research is encouraged but not required. Most residents end up working on at least one project that forms the basis for a "senior year talk."

Many residents also present at the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology (USCAP) meeting each year. Recent residents and fellows have won prestigious awards at the USCAP meeting including the Stowell-Orbison award, the Gastrointestinal Pathology Society award and the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology award.

For those who wish to have extended time for research during residency, a fully funded Physician-Scientist Research track and an institutional Clinician-Investigator Training Program are available.

Conferences

See conference descriptions.

Evaluation

To ensure that you acquire adequate knowledge and develop the appropriate technical skills to meet program expectations, your performance is monitored carefully during the Anatomic and Clinical Pathology Residency. You are formally evaluated by supervising faculty members on a regular basis and meet with the program director on a semi-annual basis to review these evaluations. In addition, you regularly evaluate the faculty to confirm that your educational needs are being met.

Aug. 24, 2017