Clinical training will consist of the first 24 months spent in core cardiology rotations. During the core rotations, you obtain the basic knowledge and technical skills needed to proceed to more advanced training in a subspecialty area.

The first year consists of rotations through the various subspecialty laboratories. During the second year, the information learned in the laboratories is applied to patient care (both inpatient and outpatient).

The third year is a protected research year, while the fourth year is subspecialized training, such as in heart failure and transplant, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, imaging, or other areas.

Rotation schedule

Year 1: Clinical training

Rotation Length
Echocardiography Laboratory 3 months
Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory 4 months
Heart rhythm services 2 months
Cardiovascular Health Clinic and Vascular Medicine 1 month
Nuclear cardiology 2 months

Year 2: Clinical training

Rotation Length
Inpatient hospital and consult services 4.5 months
Lab-based electives 3 months
Clinical-based electives 3 months
Electrocardiography 1 month
Cardiovascular surgery 2 weeks

Year 3: Research training

Rotation Length
Research 12 months

Year 4: Electives

Rotation Length
Advanced or subspecialty training 12 months

Continuity Clinic

During the first three years of your fellowship, you spend one half-day a week in the Continuity Clinic providing follow-up care to your patients.

Learning environment and educational conferences

Learning is enhanced by a large faculty composed of expert educators who participate in clinical conferences, seminars, small discussion groups, journal clubs and one-on-one instruction. These experiences significantly enhance Mayo's Cardiovascular Diseases Fellowship learning environment. You have ample opportunity to attend and participate in these activities.


  • Heart Rhythm Services Grand Rounds
  • Preventive Cardiology Conference


  • Core Curriculum Lecture Series (required for years one and two)
  • Congenital Heart Center Conference
  • Vascular Grand Rounds
  • Nephrology and Hypertension Grand Rounds
  • PTCA and M&M Conference


  • Cardiac Imaging Grand Rounds
  • Cath Core Conference


  • Cardiac Cath Lab Conference
  • Congenital Grand Rounds
  • Cardiovascular Research Seminar
  • Clinical Exam Teaching Conference


  • Cardiovascular Grand Rounds
  • Echo Conference

Monthly or quarterly

  • Cardiovascular Society Dinner Meeting (visiting lectures)
  • Echocardiography Journal Club
  • Heart Failure Journal Club
  • Nuclear Journal Club
  • Fellows Journal Club

A core curriculum conference sequence for cardiovascular fellows is held each Tuesday morning throughout the academic year. This series covers all major areas of cardiovascular medicine. In addition, six to eight visiting faculty dinner meetings and lectureships are held annually.

Case studies

During your fellowship, you prepare case study presentations for Cardiovascular Grand Rounds, present the pertinent information of an interesting case, conduct an in-depth discussion of that case and create a current bibliography.

Teaching opportunities

You have the opportunity to teach Mayo Clinic School of Medicine students, residents and visiting students from other medical schools through bedside instruction and formal didactic lectures.

Call frequency

Your call schedule varies by individual rotation. Mayo Clinic follows the recommendations of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME).


Moonlighting is permitted for licensed fellows. Moonlighting activities may be scheduled during those times when you are assigned to outpatient rotations.

Moonlighting should not interfere with the required learning and must not violate the ACGME's work hour rules or visa regulations. Moonlighting should not compromise your education, but rather enhance it.


To ensure that you acquire adequate knowledge and develop your technical skills, your performance is monitored carefully during the course of this fellowship. You are evaluated formally by your supervising faculty member after each clinical rotation, and you meet with the program director to review these evaluations. This is accomplished through an electronic evaluation system.

You also have an opportunity to complete an evaluation of faculty following each rotation, as well as provide an annual evaluation of the program.

Research training

Photo of two Mayo cardiology researchers in a laboratory

Michael J. Ackerman, M.D., Ph.D., and Arshad Jahangir, M.D.

At Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., we want to give our trainees the best possible shot at an academic practice. The flagship training for those interested in a basic, translational or population science-based career path is the National Institutes of Health (NIH) track.

The NIH is the Division of Cardiovascular Diseases' main avenue for the training of physician-scientists. Fellows in this program begin with two years of dedicated, protected mentored research training. During the fellowship interview process, mentors are identified with a research focus that matches the individual fellow's interests. The mentored research is aimed at both research training as well as grantsmanship.

Our goal is by the end of this five-year training program, each fellow is prepared to submit a K08 grant. If you are interested in this type of intensive research experience, please let our fellowship training program leadership know even before your interview to allow proper matching of mentors in your area of research interests. Frank V. Brozovich, M.D., Ph.D., is primarily charged with helping all fellows reach their research goals during training.

All Mayo cardiovascular fellows have a year of protected research time in our four-year Cardiovascular Diseases Fellowship, and this has consistently allowed our fellows to succeed in publishing the results of their research. Approximately 60 papers and abstracts are published by our fellows each year.

We work hard to match all fellows with a research mentor, and this has allowed several Mayo fellows to receive prestigious national awards. These include the American Heart Association Young Investigators Award, American College of Cardiology Young Investigators Award, American College of Cardiology Travel Award, North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology Young Investigators Award, American Society of Echocardiography Young Investigator Award, as well as recent Mayo Clinic awards, including the Mayo Brothers Award and Summerskill Award, to name a few achievements in the last few years.

If an academic career is what you are interested in, this track record of achievement can be a powerful platform to launch your career.

Sept. 19, 2013